Sergiy Sukhanov

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Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) is an endocrine and autocrine/paracrine growth factor that circulates at high levels in the plasma and is expressed in most cell types. IGF-1 has major effects on development, cell growth and differentiation, and tissue repair. Recent evidence indicates that IGF-1 reduces atherosclerosis burden and improves features of(More)
OBJECTIVE Whereas growth factors, via their ability to stimulate vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration, have been thought to play a permissive role in atherosclerosis initiation and progression, the role of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) is unknown. Here we report for the first time that IGF-1 infusion decreased(More)
Muscle atrophy (cachexia) is a muscle wasting syndrome associated with several pathological conditions in humans such as congestive heart failure, diabetes, AIDS, cancer and renal failure, and the presence of cachexia worsens outcome. Many of the conditions associated with cachexia are accompanied by stimulation of the renin-angiotensin system and elevation(More)
Advanced congestive heart failure (CHF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD) are characterized by increased angiotensin II (Ang II) levels and are often accompanied by significant skeletal muscle wasting that negatively impacts mortality and morbidity. Both CHF and CKD patients have respiratory muscle dysfunction, however the potential effects of Ang II on(More)
Some clinical studies have suggested that lower IGF-I levels may be associated with an increased risk of ischemic heart disease. We generated atherosclerosis-prone apolipoprotein E-deficient (ApoE(-/-)) mice with 6T alleles (6T/ApoE(-/-) mice) with a 20% decline in circulating IGF-I and fed these mice and control ApoE(-/-) mice with normal chow or a Western(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) causes skeletal muscle wasting via an increase in muscle catabolism. To determine whether the wasting effects of Ang II were related to its ability to increase NADPH oxidase-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) we infused wild-type C57BL/6J or p47(phox)(-/-) mice with vehicle or Ang II for 7days. Superoxide production was increased(More)
Oxidized low density lipoprotein (OxLDL) has multiple proatherogenic effects, including induction of apoptosis. We have recently shown that OxLDL markedly downregulates insulin-like growth factor-1 receptor (IGF-1R) in human aortic smooth muscle cells, and that IGF-1R overexpression blocks OxLDL-induced apoptosis. We hypothesized that specific(More)
Cachexia is a serious complication of many chronic diseases, such as congestive heart failure (CHF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Although patients with advanced CHF or CKD often have increased angiotensin II (Ang II) levels and cachexia and Ang II causes skeletal muscle wasting in rodents, the potential effects of Ang II on muscle regeneration are(More)
This study sought to determine if metoprolol succinate ER (MET), and nebivolol (NEB), a β1-AR with increased bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO), would have differing effects on plasma asymmetric dimethylarginine concentration in hypertensives. It was hypothesized that NEB, a β1-AR antagonist and β3-AR agonist with NO-releasing properties, and MET, only a(More)
Cachexia is a serious complication of many chronic diseases, such as congestive heart failure (CHF) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Many factors are involved in the development of cachexia, and there is increasing evidence that angiotensin II (Ang II), the main effector molecule of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), plays an important role in this(More)