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The small heat shock protein Hsp27 or its murine homologue Hsp25 acts as an ATP-independent chaperone in protein folding, but is also implicated in architecture of the cytoskeleton, cell migration, metabolism, cell survival, growth/differentiation, mRNA stabilization, and tumor progression. A variety of stimuli induce phosphorylation of serine residues 15,(More)
The MAPK-activated protein kinases belong to the Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinases. Within this group, MK2, MK3, and MK5 constitute three structurally related enzymes with distinct functions. Few genuine substrates for MK5 have been identified, and the only known biological role is in ras-induced senescence and in tumor suppression. Here we(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways can play a role in F-actin dynamics. In particular, the p38 MAPK/MAPK-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2)/heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) pathway is involved in F-actin alternations. Previously, we showed that MK5 is implicated in F-actin rearrangement induced by the cAMP/cAMP-dependent protein kinase pathway in(More)
Multicellular organisms achieve intercellular communication by means of signalling molecules whose effect on the target cell is mediated by signal transduction pathways. Such pathways relay, amplify and integrate signals to elicit appropriate biological responses. Protein kinases form crucial intermediate components of numerous signalling pathways. One(More)
Inter- and intracellular communications and responses to environmental changes are pivotal for the orchestrated and harmonious operation of multi-cellular organisms. These well-tuned functions in living organisms are mediated by the action of signal transduction pathways, which are responsible for receiving a signal, transmitting and amplifying it, and(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades regulate important cellular processes, including growth, differentiation, apoptosis, embryogenesis, motility and gene expression. Although MAPKs mostly appear to be constitutively expressed, the transcript levels of some MAPK-encoding genes increase upon treatment with specific stimuli. This applies to(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase-5 (MK5) resides predominantly in the nucleus of resting cells, but p38(MAPK), extracellular signal-regulated kinases-3 and -4 (ERK3 and ERK4), and protein kinase A (PKA) induce nucleocytoplasmic redistribution of MK5. The mechanism by which PKA causes nuclear export remains unsolved. In the study(More)
AIM To identify novel substrates for the mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 5 (MK5). METHODS Yeast two-hybrid screening with MK5 as bait was used to identify novel possible interaction partners. The binding of putative partner was further examined by glutathione S-transferase (GST) pull-down, co-immunoprecipitation and fluorescence(More)
Typical mammalian mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways consist of a cascade of three consecutive phosphorylation events exerted by a MAPK kinase kinase (MAPKKK), a MAPK kinase (MAPKK), and finally a MAPK. MAPKs not only target non-protein kinase substrates, they can also phosphorylate other protein kinases designated as MAPK-activated protein(More)
Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways are important signal transduction pathways that control pivotal cellular processes including proliferation, differentiation, survival, apoptosis, gene regulation, and motility. MAPK pathways consist of a relay of consecutive phosphorylation events exerted by MAPK kinase kinases, MAPK kinases, and MAPKs.(More)