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Osteocalcin (OC) is encoded by the bone γ-carboxyglutamate (Gla) protein (BGLAP) gene, and it is released by osteoblasts during osteogenesis. Its expression can be modulated by growth factors, hormones, cytokines and physical stimuli via signal transduction pathways, binding to the BGLAP gene promoter or interactions with nuclear transcription factors. It(More)
INTRODUCTION Localized scleroderma is an inflammatory disease in its first stages and a fibrotic process in later stages, principally mediated by the transforming growth factor β. To date, there is no standard treatment. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness and safety of 8% pirfenidone gel in patients with localized scleroderma. (More)
The stromal cell-derived factor 1 (SDF-1) is essential for circulation, homing, and retention of hematopoietic stem cells in the bone marrow. Present evidence indicates that this factor might play an important role in leukemia cells as well. The aim of this study is to present a model of SDF-1-induced mobilization using leukemia cell lines. CXCR4 expression(More)
To investigate the genotype and allele frequency of vascular endothelial growth factor gene polymorphisms in knee osteoarthritis (OA) and their relationship with disease activity and lipid profile, we enrolled 49 knee OA patients and 75 healthy subjects (HS) as a control group. Body mass index (BMI), laboratorial assessment and genotyped by polymerase chain(More)
Several polymorphisms have been described in the PAI-1 gene including the -844 G/A and Hind III C/G polymorphisms. These polymorphisms have been associated with different diseases such as preeclampsia and cardiovascular diseases. The allele and genotype frequencies of both PAI-1 polymorphism where investigated in Mexican subjects and compared with other(More)
BACKGROUND The uncarboxylated osteocalcin (ucOC) has been described as a regulator of glucose metabolism in mice, and it is decreased in human type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Although inversely correlated with serum glucose, insulin, and glycated hemoglobin, it is unclear if ucOC decrement is caused by diabetes or plays a role in the pathogenesis and/or(More)
Insulin resistance, obesity, hypertension, and dyslipidemia are strongly associated with metabolic syndrome (MeSy), which is considered to be a reversible clinical stage before its evolution to coronary heart disease and diabetes. Currently, the antihypertensive and hypolipidemic properties of aqueous Hibiscus sabdariffa extracts (HSE) have been(More)
BACKGROUND Alcoholic cirrhosis constitutes a major public health problem in the world where ADH1B, ALDH2, and CYP2E1 polymorphisms could be playing an important role. We determined ADH1B*2, ALDH2*2, and CYP2E1*c2 allele frequencies in healthy control individuals (C) and patients with alcoholic cirrhosis (AC) from western Mexico. METHODS Ninety C and 41(More)
INTRODUCTION Vitamin D receptor (VDR) is encoded by the VDR gene. Several studies have supported that this gene is associated with diabetes. Heterodimer VDR/RXR functions as an enhancer of the BGLAP gene and increases the basal transcription rate of osteocalcin (OC) during osteoblast differentiation. OC is a regulator of glucose metabolism in mice.(More)
AIM To determine a potential relationship between serum undercarboxylated (ucOC) concentration and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients and healthy subjects (HS). METHODS A cross-sectional study was conducted on 140 subjects classified into two groups, 70 with T2D and 70 HS. Medical history and physical examination with(More)