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AIM OF THE STUDY To investigate the potential of plants used in Mayan traditional medicine to treat cancer-like symptoms using the Mayan ethnobotany literature, and evaluate their organic extracts for in vitro cytotoxic activity on cancer cell lines. MATERIALS AND METHODS The selection of the plants studied in this investigation was based on the Mayan(More)
The hollow fiber test has been developed for the preliminary in vivo assessment of cancer chemotherapeutic efficacy of selected natural products. Using this model, we have established growth conditions for HL-60, HUVEC, Ishikawa, KB, KB-V1, LNCaP, Lu1, MCF-7, Mel2, P-388, and SW626 cells implanted at the intraperitoneal (i.p.) and subcutaneous (s.c.)(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE Tridax procumbens is an active herb against leishmaniasis. AIM OF THE STUDY Leishmaniasis is a group of diseases caused by Leishmania protozoa. We investigated the antileishmanial activity of Tridax procumbens extracts and a pure compound against promastigotes of Leishmania mexicana, the causative agent of cutaneous(More)
A new pterocarpan, aeschynocarpin (1), and the known pterocarpan 2-methoxymedicarpin (2) were isolated for the first time from Aeschynomene fascicularis (Fabaceae) and their structures elucidated by means of spectroscopic {UV/Vis, IR, and NMR (1H, 13C, COSY, HMQC,and HMBC)} andmass spectrometric (EI-MS and HRCIMS) techniques. Both compounds were tested in(More)
Methanol extracts were prepared from different parts of 18 plants collected in the Yucatan peninsula and evaluated in an in vitro bioassay for leishmanicidal activity against Leishmania mexicana promastigotes. The ten most potent plant extracts (IC(50)<50 microg/ml) were Aphelandra scabra leaves, Byrsonima bucidaefolia bark, Byrsonima crassifolia bark,(More)
Screening of seven Yucatecan plant extracts to look for fungicidal activity for the control of Colletotrichum gloeosporioides was carried out. Bioassay-directed purification of the root extract of one of the most active plants, Acacia pennatula, resulted in the isolation of the new compound 15,16-dihydroxypimar-8(14)-en-3-one (1), which in the in vitro(More)
The in vitro leishmanicidal effect of (3S)-16,17-didehydrofalcarinol (1) isolated from Tridax procumbens whole plant against Leishmania mexicana, the causative agent of cutaneous leishmaniasis (chiclero's ulcer) in the New World, was investigated. This oxylipin showed significant in vitro activity against promastigotes and intracellular amastigotes of L.(More)
The plant Aeschynomene fascicularis (Fabaceae) has been used in Mayan traditional medicine in the Yucatan peninsula. However, the compounds present in the plant responsible for its curative properties have not yet been investigated. Aeschynomene fascicularis root bark was extracted with 100% methanol to obtain a crude extract. The methanol extract was(More)
The leishmanicidal activity of 15 extracts and 4 pure metabolites obtained from Urechites andrieuxii, Colubrina greggii, Dorstenia contrajerva, and Tridax procumbens was evaluated using the newly developed MTS ({3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium, inner salt) assay, optimized for promastigotes of(More)