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We present results on the valence level excitation, ionization and dissociation of adenine, using time-of-flight mass spectrometry and synchrotron radiation, in the vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) range of 12-21 eV. The measurements were performed using a gas-phase (Ne) harmonics filter in order to eliminate contributions from higher-order harmonics. Mass spectra(More)
1. The diffusional transfer capacity of [14C]urea in isolated perfused trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) gills in the presence of sodium n-dodecylsulphate (SDS), n-dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) and p-t-octylbenzene oxyethylene10 (Triton X-100) has been measured over a range of surfactant concentrations. 2. Urea has been shown to be transported(More)
Glycine is the simplest proteinaceous amino acid and is present in all life-forms on Earth. In aqueous solutions, it appears mainly as zwitterion glycine (+NH3CH2COO-); however, in solid phase, it may be found in amorphous or crystalline (α, β, and γ) forms. The crystalline forms differ from each other by the packing of zwitterions in the unitary cells and(More)
Titan, the largest satellite of Saturn, has an atmosphere chiefly made up of N(2) and CH(4) and includes traces of many simple organic compounds. This atmosphere also partly consists of haze and aerosol particles which during the last 4.5 gigayears have been processed by electric discharges, ions, and ionizing photons, being slowly deposited over the Titan(More)
Photoionization and fragmentation of gaseous methane induced by tunable synchrotron radiation were investigated in a wide energy range, from 40 eV up to 480 eV. We report electron-ion coincidence experiments by measuring the relative partial-ion yields and precursor-specific relative yields for individual fragment ions and for ion fragment pairs as a(More)
Fragments from organic molecule dissociation (such as reactive ions and radicals) can form interstellar complex molecules like amino acids. The goal of this work is to experimentally study photoionization and photodissociation processes of acetic acid (CH 3 COOH), a glycine (NH 2 CH 2 COOH) precursor molecule, by soft X-ray photons. The measurements were(More)
Context. Several objects in the Solar System like Europa, Ganymede and Callisto have frozen surface (main component: H 2 O). The associated thickness is bigger than the penetration depth of the relevant projectile ions. Additionally, other species such as H 2 O 2 , SO 2 and CO 2 have been detected on these surface. The formation mechanisms of these(More)
In order to simulate the effects of energetic charged particles present in the solar wind colliding with the cometary gaseous formic acid molecule (HCOOH), laboratory experiments have been performed. The absolute ionisation and dissociation cross sections for this molecule interacting with solar wind particles were measured employing fast electrons in the(More)
We present experimental studies on the photoionization and photodissociation processes (photodestruction) of gaseous amino acids and nucleobases in interstellar and interpla-netary radiation conditions analogs. The measurements have been undertaken at the Brazilian Synchrotron Light Laboratory (LNLS), employing vacuum ultraviolet (VUV) and soft X-ray(More)
An experimental study of the interaction of highly charged, energetic ions (52 MeV (58)Ni(13+) and 15.7 MeV (16)O(5+)) with mixed H(2)O : C(18)O(2) astrophysical ice analogs at two different temperatures is presented. This analysis aims to simulate the chemical and the physicochemical interactions induced by cosmic rays inside dense, cold astrophysical(More)