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We study the reset dynamics of niobium ͑Nb͒ superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors ͑SNSPDs͒ using experimental measurements and numerical simulations. The numerical simulations of the detection dynamics agree well with experimental measurements, using independently determined parameters in the simulations. We find that if the photon-induced(More)
Two-dimensional materials, such as graphene, topological insulators, and two-dimensional electron gases, represent a technological playground to develop coherent electronics. In these systems, quantum interference effects, and in particular weak localization, are likely to occur. These coherence effects are usually characterized by well-defined features in(More)
An important step forward for the understanding of high-temperature superconductivity has been the discovery of iron-based superconductors. Among these compounds, iron pnictides could be used for high-field magnet applications, resulting more advantageous over conventional superconductors, due to a high upper critical field as well as its low anisotropy at(More)
A theoretical model, combining trapping/detrapping and recombination mechanisms, is formulated to explain the origin of random current fluctuations in silicon-based solar cells. In this framework, the comparison between dark and photo-induced noise allows the determination of important electronic parameters of the defect states. A detailed analysis of the(More)
Vortices are topological defects accounting for many important effects in superconductivity, superfluidity, and magnetism. Here we address the stability of a small number of such excitations driven by strong external forces. We focus on Abrikosov-Josephson vortex that appears in lateral superconducting S/S'/S weak links with suppressed superconductivity in(More)
The hybrid perovskite methylammonium lead iodide CH3NH3PbI3 recently revealed its potential for the manufacturing of low-cost and efficient photovoltaic cells. However, many questions remain unanswered regarding the physics of the charge carrier conduction. In this respect, it is known that two structural phase transitions, occurring at temperatures near(More)
We present here an experimental setup developed to locally estimate the terms of the energy balance associated with high cycle fatigue (HCF) of DP 600 steel. Our experiments involve two quantitative imaging techniques: digital image correlation (DIC) and infrared thermography (IRT). Kinematics fields obtained by DIC allow the estimation of stress and energy(More)
We consider the phase-locked dynamics of a Josephson junction driven by finite-spectral-linewidth ac current. By means of a transformation, the effect of frequency fluctuations is reduced to an effective additive noise, the corresponding (large) dephasing time being determined, in the logarithmic approximation, by the Kramers expression for the lifetime.(More)
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