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The objectives of this study were to determine if human ejaculated sperm exhibit active caspases and if caspase-dependent apoptosis markers are identifiable. Sperm from fertile donors and infertile patients were examined after gradient separation into leukocyte-free fractions of high and low motility. Sperm were evaluated for motion parameters, morphology,(More)
BACKGROUND In this prospective randomized blinded clinical trial, we examined gene expression profiles of the human endometrium during the early and mid-luteal phases of the natural cycle. METHODS An endometrial biopsy was performed on day 16 (LH +3) or on day 21 (LH +8), followed by RNA extraction and microarray analysis using an Affymetrix HG-U95A(More)
The objective of this study was to assess the impact on pregnancy outcome of excising hydrosalpinx(ges) in patients with repeated in-vitro fertilization (IVF) failures. A group of 15 patients who had previously undergone failed IVF attempts and had unilateral or bilateral hydrosalpinx was subjected to an operative laparoscopy with excision of the affected(More)
In this study we extended earlier work to determine whether sperm respond to somatic cell apoptotic stimuli and whether apoptotic phenotypes are significant indicators of human sperm quality. We evaluated ejaculated sperm from fertile donors and subfertile patients following purification of fractions of high and low motility. In unstimulated conditions,(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether a relationship exists between loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential and plasma membrane translocation of phosphatidylserine (PS) in subpopulations of human spermatozoa of men consulting for infertility. SETTING A tertiary institutional research center. DESIGN Prospective observational study. PATIENT(S) Twelve(More)
Pregnancy-specific b-1-glycoprotein 1 and human leukocyte antigen-E mRNA in human sperm: differential expression in fertile and infertile men and evidence of a possible functional role during early development background: Mature spermatozoa contain thousands of mRNA transcripts. It has been recently shown that human sperm can deliver RNA into the oocyte,(More)
BACKGROUND Heat-shock protein A2 (HspA2) is correlated with sperm maturity, function and fertility, and a dysfunctional expression of such a gene results in abnormal spermatogenesis. The purpose of this study was to compare HspA2 gene expression in spermatozoa from oligozoospermic men and normozoospermic controls. METHODS Semen was obtained and analysed(More)
In our program's 13 years of experience, more than 9000 embryos have been cryopreserved in gonadotropin-stimulated IVF cycles. Over 1500 thaw and transfer cycles have yielded a pregnancy rate of approximately 25%. Different ovarian stimulation regimens (various preparations of FSH. alone or in combination with hMG, with or without concomitant use of a GnRH(More)
Sperm cryopreservation still represents a valuable clinical aid in the management of infertility. Its current principal indications include (1) donor sperm insemination; (2) freezing before cancer therapy to maintain reproductive capacity; (3) patient's convenience; and (4) because of the outstanding success with ICSI, even patients with different degrees(More)