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The production of various eremophilane-type sesquiterpenes by Penicillium roqueforti strains has allowed us to propose a biochemical pathway for PR toxin synthesis. A time-course study of P. roqueforti metabolite production by high-performance liquid chromatography was performed to check this hypothetical pathway. The results obtained suggested that(More)
Haematins (hydroxyferriprotoporphyrin IX) constitute a possible receptor for antimalarial drugs such as chloroquine or quinine. This paper reports the study of the interactions of these two molecules with two tetrapyrrole (haematin and uroporphyrin I) by 1H-NMR spectroscopy. This method provided us with the geometry of the interactions in aqueous medium.(More)
Appropriate N-terminus modification can result in somatostatin (SRIF) octapeptide analogs that are both more potent and more selective in vitro for the human SRIF receptor type 2 (hsst2). In addition, these modifications can improve the duration of action and bioavailability of SRIF analogs following parenteral administration, as shown by both(More)
Analogs of a potent octapeptide analog of somatostatin (SRIF) H-(D)Phe-Cys-Tyr-(D)Trp-Lys-Val-Cys-Thr(NH2) were synthesized. Aromatic substitutions for Tyr resulted in little change in inhibitory potency on growth hormone (GH) secretion in the rat. Substitutions for Val or (D)Trp resulted in analogs with diminished activity. Substitution of (D)Nal for(More)
Chloroquine is still the antimalarial drug which is the most utilized. Nevertheless the molecular mode of action of this drug is not very well understood. When mouse erythrocytes injected with Plasmodium berghei are exposed to chloroquine, the first biochemical event is rapid accumulation of the drug. This process is energy dependent, saturable and(More)
In 1982, Guillemin et al reported the isolation of the human (h) growth hormone (GH) releasing factor (GRF) from a pancreatic tumour in an acromegalic patient. Since then, work to develop potent GRF analogues has been widespread and the rat has been the main animal model used. The aim of the present study was to compare the efficacy, potency and specificity(More)
The mode of action of chloroquine was investigated by studying the properties of its 7-H derivatives, which retain the weak base properties of the quinolines but exhibit low antimalarial activity. Using a specific probe [4-(1-amino-butylamino)quinoline] it has been shown that weak base properties are sufficient to induce concentration of the drug in the(More)