Sergio Ledda

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Preliminary experiments carried out on ovine oocytes were designed to establish correlations between activation protocols and subsequent rates of embryonic development. The best activation protocols were thereafter used in studies on ovine parthenogenesis and cloning. The first study established that chemical activators induce pronuclear development at a(More)
The ability to mature and fertilize oocytes of endangered species may allow us to sustain genetic and global biodiversity. The first objective of this study was to compare the effect of two different culture media and two different incubation times on in vitro maturation (IVM) of domestic cat oocytes. The second objective was to determine the developmental(More)
The impact of vitrification procedures on in vitro matured (IVM) ovine oocytes mRNA content and ability to undergo successful fertilization, cleavage and embronic development was assessed. Vitrified-warmed (n = 113) and control (n = 140) IVM oocytes were in vitro fertilized and cultured up to blastocyst stage under standard conditions. Vitrified oocytes(More)
We evaluated the effect of three different cryodevices on membrane integrity, tubulin polymerization, maturation promoting factor (MPF) activity and developmental competence of in vitro matured (IVM) ovine oocytes. IVM oocytes were exposed during 3 min to 7.5% DMSO and 7.5% ethylene glycol (EG) in TCM199 and 25 sec to 0.5 M sucrose, 16.5% DMSO and 16.5% EG,(More)
Despite significant progress in cryopreservation of mammalian oocytes and embryos, many ofthe molecular and biochemical events that underlie this technology are poorly understood. In recent years, researchers have focused on obtaining viable oocytes that are developmentally competent. Even under the most favourable conditions, experimental approaches have(More)
The complete nuclear maturation and fertilization in vitro of oocytes from 30-40-day-old juvenile lambs, and their ability to develop up to the blastocyst stage when transferred into recipient ewes after fertilization in vivo and culture was studied. Cumulus-oocyte complexes were recovered from juvenile ovaries and only those with several cumulus cell(More)
Primordial germ cell (PGC) allocation, characterization, lineage restriction, and differentiation have been extensively studied in the mouse. Murine PGC can be easily identified using markers as alkaline phosphatase content or the expression of pluripotent markers such as Pou5f1, Nanog, Sox2, Kit, SSEA1, and SSEA4. These tools allowed us to clarify certain(More)
The cryopreservation of oocytes is an open problem as a result of their structural sensitivity to the freezing process. This study examined (i) the survival and meiotic competence of ovine oocytes vitrified at the GV stage with or without cumulus cells; (ii) the viability and functional status of cumulus cells after cryopreservation; (iii) the effect of(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the viability of ovine embryos after replacing fetal calf serum (FCS) with polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) in vitrification and warming solutions. Ovine embryos were obtained from superovulated Sardinian breed ewes at 4, 5, 6, and 7 days after insemination. All vitrification and warming solutions were prepared using buffered(More)
Haemoglobin (Hb) phenotypes have been studied in 100 wild European mouflons living on the island of Sardinia by means of isoelectric focusing (pH 6.7-7.7 range) of the native tetramers, acid-urea-Triton gel-electrophoresis, and reversed-phase HPLC of globin chains. The result indicates the presence of two beta-globin alleles one of which, corresponding to(More)