Sergio Filoni

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Xenopus laevis larvae at stages 51-57, according to Nieuwkoop and Faber, were subjected to amputation of the right hindlimb or of both limbs at the thigh or the tarsal level, as well as to somatic denervation of the right limb. Larvae at the same stage having undergone amputation of the right limb or of both limbs and sham denervation of the right limb were(More)
Larval Xenopus laevis at stage 56 (Nieuwkoop and Faber, '56) were subjected to various types of lentectomy: (1) simple lentectomy, from the pupillary space after incision of outer and inner cornea; (2) lentectomy from the dorsal region of the eye; (3) lentectomy from the dorsal region of the eye and simultaneous incision of the outer cornea; (4) lentectomy(More)
Three different types of experiments were carried out to investigate the role of the lens in lens-forming transformations of the outer cornea of Xenopus laevis tadpoles (at stage 51, as defined by Nieuwkoop and Faber, '56): 1) simple lentectomy; 2) incision of outer and inner cornea in the region opposite the dorsal iris without lens removal; and 3)(More)
In the homeotherms the presence of glial-fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and that of neurofilaments (NF) are used as specific molecular markers associated with intermediate filaments (IF) of the glial and neuronal elements respectively. On this basis a comparison was made between trends in the immunohistochemical response to these markers of the ependyma(More)
Anuran amphibians can regenerate the retina through differentiation of stem cells in the ciliary marginal zone and through transdifferentiation of the retinal pigmented epithelium. By contrast, the regeneration of the lens has been demonstrated only in larvae of species belonging to the Xenopus genus, where the lens regenerates through transdifferentiation(More)
In both larval and adult urodele amphibians, limb blastema formation requires the presence of an adequate nerve supply. In previous research, we demonstrated that the hindlimb of early Xenopus laevis larvae formed a regeneration blastema even when denervated, while the denervated limb of late larvae did not. We hypothesized that the nerve-independence was(More)
In Xenopus laevis, the capacity to regenerate a new lens from the outer cornea gradually decreases between stages 50 and 58, is almost negligible during the metamorphic climax, and disappears after metamorphosis. The factors responsible for lens transdifferentiation of the outer cornea are produced by the neural retina and are located in the vitreous(More)
The extent of the undifferentiated cell population in normal and regenerating brains of larvae and metamorphosed individuals of Xenopus laevis has been analyzed by means of an immunocytochemical method and mitotic index determinations. Results show that the decrease in regenerative capacity of the brain during larval development and after metamorphosis is(More)
The present research aims at showing the role played by the lens in inhibiting lens-forming transformations of the outer cornea of Xenopus laevis tadpoles. Two types of experiment were carried out: 1) lentectomy and insertion of a Millipore filter disk at the side of the lens, and 2) lentectomy and insertion of a Millipore disk with a central hole. Results(More)