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The regulation of neurotrophin (NT) secretion is critical for many aspects of NT-mediated neuronal plasticity. Neurons release NTs by activity-regulated secretion pathways, initiated either by neurotransmitters and/or by existing NTs by a positive-feedback mechanism. This process depends on calcium release from intracellular stores. Little is known,(More)
To further characterize the anti-opioid action of the neuropeptide nociceptin, we examined the effects of the repeated intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) treatment (once daily for 4 days) with an antisense oligodeoxynucleotide complementary to pronociceptin mRNA, in the rat. We also investigated possible changes of the antinociceptive and hyperthermic effects(More)
In the present report tubulated granules are described for the first time in a freshwater teleost (Pimelodus maculatus) endothelial cells. Some ultrastructural characteristics as well as the localization and distribution suggest that tubulated bodies represent the teleost counterpart of the Weibel-Palade bodies described in other animal classes.
The possible existence in the rat spinal cord of a peptide related to VIP, VIP(22-28), has been evaluated. VIP contains paired basic aminoacid residues at which posttranslational cleavage of these peptides might occur. The lumbo-sacral region of rat spinal cord had the most VIP(22-28)-like immunoreactivity (ir-VIP(22-28]. Chromatographic analysis of spinal(More)
The possible involvement of vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-related peptides in pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced seizures in rats was investigated. The chemoconvulsant PTZ was administered (45 mg/kg i.p.) either acutely or chronically for three days. The detailed time course of changes in VIP-(1-28) and VIP-(22-28) was examined in several rat brain areas 5(More)
We present the results of an investigation of the traditional ethnobotany and ethnomedicine of West Azerbaijan (Iran). In this region medicinal plants are often the only easily accessible health care alternative for most of the population in rural areas and in fact folk herbal medicine is the most used remedy to cure common diseases. In this paper we(More)
The effects of intracerebroventricularly administered salmon calcitonin (sCT) and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on the behavioural response of the mouse to formalin injections were investigated. Mice lick their hindpaws for 5 min after formalin injections, then stop, and resume intensive licking for another 10 min beginning 20 min after the(More)
The effects of long-term administration of opioid agonists on the regulation of prodynorphin gene expression in rat brain were investigated. Chronic intracerebroventricular treatment with the synthetic opioid agonist acting on the kappa receptor, U-50,488H, and the classic mu agonist morphine markedly decreased prodynorphin mRNA levels in hypothalamus,(More)
The endogenous opioid met-enkephalin intraventricularly adminstered to the rat at the dose of 100 microgram raised rectal temperature, whereas 400 microgram of the pentapeptide caused a diphasic effect, i.e., hypothermia followed by hyperthermia. Met-enkephalin was ineffective when administered i.p. The effects on temperature were substantially similar to(More)