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The extraordinary small size of NPs makes them difficult to detect and quantify once distributed in a material or biological system. We present a simple and straightforward method for the direct proton beam activation of synthetic or commercially available aluminum oxide NPs (Al2O3 NPs) via the 16O(p,α)13N nuclear reaction in order to assess their(More)
The permeability of ions and small polar molecules through polyelectrolyte multilayer capsules templated on red blood cells was studied by means of confocal microscopy and electrorotation. Capsules were obtained by removing the cell after polyelectrolyte multilayer formation by means of NaOCl treatment. This procedure results in cross-linking of(More)
The synthesis of (18)F-labelled positron emitting NPs by direct irradiation of (18)O-enriched aluminum oxide NPs with 16 MeV protons is reported. Biodistribution studies of the labelled particles after intravenous administration were performed in male rats using positron emission tomography. The simple and general activation strategy can be applied to any(More)
Lipid membranes were assembled on polyelectrolyte (PE)-coated colloidal particles. The assembly was studied by means of confocal microscopy, flow cytometry, scanning force microscopy, and freeze-fracture electron microscopy. A homogeneous lipid coverage was established within the limits of optical resolution. Flow cytometry showed that the lipid coverage(More)
Step-wise adsorption of polyelectrolytes is used for the fabrication of micro- and nanocapsules with determined size, capsule wall composition and thickness. The capsule walls made of polyelectrolyte multilayers exclude high molecular weight compounds. Assembling of lipid layers onto these polyelectrolyte capsules prevents the permeation of small dyes.(More)
Three-dimensional ultrathin polymer shells have been produced by a combination of step-by-step adsorption of polyelectrolytes on glutaraldehyde-treated human erythrocytes and subsequent solubilization of the cytoplasmatic constituents by means of a deproteinizing agent. The obtained hollow films preserve both the size and shape of the templating cells. This(More)
Responsive polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEMs) of poly(diallyl dimethyl ammonium chloride) (PDADMAC) and poly(styrene sodium sulfonate) (PSS) with thicknesses between 350 and 400 nm for 11 deposited polyelectrolyte layers were fabricated assembling the polyelectrolytes at 3 M NaCl. When the 3 M NaCl bulk solution is replaced by water, the PEMs release water,(More)
Swelling and shrinking of polyelectrolyte microcapsules consisting of poly(styrene sulfonate, sodium salt) (PSS) and poly(diallyldimethyl ammonium) chloride (PDADMAC) multilayers have been observed in response to temperature and electrolyte exposure, respectively. Heat-induced capsule swelling and capsule wall volume reduction were observed by confocal(More)
Polyelectrolyte microcapsules (PEMCs) have been prepared by coating red blood cells with the polyelectrolytes poly(styrenesulfonate), poly(allylamine hydrochloride), and dextran sulfate applying the layer-by-layer technique with subsequent dissolution of the core. The capsule permeability for human serum albumin (HSA) was studied as a function of the ionic(More)
The intracellular delivery of Doxorubicin (Dox) from poly(lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) nanoparticles stabilised with bovine serum albumin, in HepG2 cells, is studied via flow cytometry, fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy (FLIM), confocal Raman microscopy (CRM) and cell viability studies. Flow cytometry shows that the initial uptake of PLGA and Dox(More)