Sergio Casella

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BACKGROUND Robust yeasts with high inhibitor, temperature, and osmotic tolerance remain a crucial requirement for the sustainable production of lignocellulosic bioethanol. These stress factors are known to severely hinder culture growth and fermentation performance. RESULTS Grape marc was selected as an extreme environment to search for innately robust(More)
 Rhizobium "hedysari" HCNT1 and Sinorhizobium meliloti 41 were investigated and compared for their ability to shift from a typical aerobic, growth-supporting metabolism to O2–limiting, low-energy-expending, basal activities. Such metabolic conversion leads bacteria to stop reproduction although allows them to survive. Once anaerobic, both rhizobia started(More)
This work is the completion of a series of reports describing the nitrogen-fixing bacterial symbionts of sulla (Hedysarum coronarium L., Leguminosae) and providing the grounds for their proposal as a new taxon. The introduction summarizes a large amount of previous evidence gathered on the physiology, genetics and ecology of such organisms, which have in(More)
The drought-tolerant legume Hedysarum coronarium is a Mediterranean species valued as a forage crop for its high performance in stressful conditions. The plant shows peculiar capabilities of nodulating above pH 9 and thriving in highly calcareous soils. With the aim of providing an adequate characterization of its bacterial symbiotic partner, a study was(More)
Rhizobium sullae strain HCNT1 contains a nitric oxide-producing nitrite reductase of unknown function due to the absence of a complementary nitric oxide reductase. HCNT1 had the ability to grow on selenite concentrations as high as 50 mM, and during growth, selenite was reduced to the less toxic elemental selenium. An HCNT1 mutant lacking nitrite reductase(More)
Soil microbial community composition and activity could be affected by suitable manipulation of the environment they live in. If correctly applied such an approach could become a very effective way to remediate excess of chemicals. The concentration of nitrogen, especially nitrate deriving from agricultural managements, is generally found to increase in(More)
A plasmid-borne, firefly-derived, luciferase gene (luc) was inserted and stably inherited in Sinorhizobium meliloti 41 as a reporter gene. The strain obtained, S. meliloti 41/pRP4-luc, and its parental strain served as a model system for viable but not culturable (VBNC) resuscitation experiments in both in vitro and soil samples. Incubation under oxygen(More)
Four LAB strains, isolated from Bulgarian home made white brine cheese, were selected for their effective inhibition against Listeria monocytogenes. According to their biochemical and physiological characteristics, the strains were classified as members of Enterococcus genus, and then identified as Enterococcus faecium by 16S rDNA sequencing. Their(More)
During free-living reproductive growth, Sinorhizobium meliloti accumulates poly-β-hydroxybutyrate (PHB) and glycogen, and produces and excretes exopolysaccharides and β-1,2-glucan. In previous investigations, PHB-minus mutants of S. meliloti 41 were obtained and studied; and the genes for PHB biosynthesis, phaAB and phaC, were described. In this work, the(More)
The development of a yeast strain that converts raw starch to ethanol in one step (called Consolidated Bioprocessing, CBP) could significantly reduce the commercial costs of starch-based bioethanol. An efficient amylolytic Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain suitable for industrial bioethanol production was developed in this study. Codon-optimized variants of(More)