Sergio Carlos Oehninger

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In patients with acceptable sperm count and motility, two patterns of abnormal morphology, judged with strict criteria, were identified and described. Patients with less than 4% normal forms and less than 30% morphology index (summation of normal and slightly amorphous forms) had a fertilization rate of 7.6% of the oocytes (P pattern, poor prognosis).(More)
The objectives of this study were to determine if human ejaculated sperm exhibit active caspases and if caspase-dependent apoptosis markers are identifiable. Sperm from fertile donors and infertile patients were examined after gradient separation into leukocyte-free fractions of high and low motility. Sperm were evaluated for motion parameters, morphology,(More)
BACKGROUND In this prospective randomized blinded clinical trial, we examined gene expression profiles of the human endometrium during the early and mid-luteal phases of the natural cycle. METHODS An endometrial biopsy was performed on day 16 (LH +3) or on day 21 (LH +8), followed by RNA extraction and microarray analysis using an Affymetrix HG-U95A(More)
UNLABELLED The objectives of this cross-sectional observational study were: (i) to detect DNA damage and plasma membrane translocation of phosphatidylserine in purified sperm populations of high and low motility, and (ii) to analyse their relationship with the endogenous generation of reactive oxygen species. Ejaculates from infertile men were examined(More)
Fucoidan from Fucus vesiculosus inhibits human sperm-zona pellucida binding and blocks the zona pellucida-induced acrosome reaction in human sperm. Fucoidan also potently inhibits selectin-mediated adhesion of leukocytes to vascular endothelium. To understand the molecular basis for fucoidan's inhibition of specific cell adhesion events, we have(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to investigate whether sperm DNA quality may predict intrauterine insemination (IUI) outcome. METHODS The study was designed in a prospective cohort fashion, at a tertiary centre for reproductive medicine. A total of 119 patients underwent 154 cycles of IUI. Parameters related to demography, cycle management and semen sample used for(More)
Cycle day 3 basal levels of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and estradiol (E2) were measured in 441 patients in 758 consecutive cycles to determine their predictive value for stimulation quality and pregnancy rates in vitro fertilization (IVF). Patients with low basal FSH levels (less than 15 mIU/ml) had higher pregnancy rates(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether a relationship exists between loss of mitochondrial transmembrane potential and plasma membrane translocation of phosphatidylserine (PS) in subpopulations of human spermatozoa of men consulting for infertility. SETTING A tertiary institutional research center. DESIGN Prospective observational study. PATIENT(S) Twelve(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine aneuploidy frequencies in pellet and swim-up semen fractions from 10 infertile men with severe oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT) who were donating sperm for intracytoplasmic sperm injection and to determine whether the swim-up isolation method would successfully separate aneuploid from haploid sperm. DESIGN Prospective study. (More)
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) has revolutionized the treatment of male infertility. However, there are still unanswered questions about the safety of this technique. During ICSI, only morphologically normal and motile spermatozoa are typically used to fertilize an oocyte. We recently reported that in infertile men, spermatozoa with apparently(More)