Sergio Callegari

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BACKGROUND The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the extent of the ventricular epicardial fat and its relationship with the underlying myocardium, neither of which is still completely understood. METHODS A total of 117 autoptic human hearts was subdivided into four groups: normals (N), ischemics (I), hypertrophics (H) and hypertrophic-ischemics(More)
PURPOSE Acute myocardial infarction follows a circadian pattern, with a morning peak ascribed to sympathetic activation. However, about 20% of myocardial infarctions occur between midnight and 6 AM; these events may have different characteristics. METHODS We studied 1571 patients with acute myocardial infarction (866 anterior and 705 inferior myocardial(More)
In humans, chronic stressors have long been linked to cardiac morbidity. Altered serotonergic neurotransmission may represent a crucial pathophysiological mechanism mediating stress-induced cardiac disturbances. Here, we evaluated the physiological role of serotonin (5-HT) 1A receptors in the autonomic regulation of cardiac function under acute and chronic(More)
Atrial fibrillation becomes a self-perpetuating arrhythmia as a consequence of electrophysiologic and structural remodeling involving the atrium. Oxidative stress may be a link between this rhythm disturbance and electrophysiologic remodeling. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) marker of oxidative stress was more(More)
Atrial fibrillation occurs and maintains itself in the context of a morphologically and functionally altered atrial substrate that can be induced by stressors such as underlying diseases (cardiac or noncardiac) or aging. The resultant structural remodeling is a slow process that progressively affects myocytes and the myocardial interstitium, and takes place(More)
Minimally invasive atrial fibrillation surgery (MIAFS) has become a well established and increasingly used option for managing patients with stand-alone arrhythmia. Pulmonary veins (PVs) isolation continues to be the cornerstone of ablation strategies. Indeed, in most cases, atrial fibrillation (AF) is triggered in or near the PVs. Nevertheless, ectopic(More)
Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a multifactorial disease with a complex pathogenesis where lifestyle, individual genetic background and environmental risk factors are involved. Altered inflammatory responses are implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and a premature AMI of parents is associated with an increased risk of the disease in their(More)
It has been found that the pulmonary veins and adjacent left atrial posterior wall (LAPW) are deeply involved in both the initiation and maintenance of atrial fibrillation (AF), and the identification of these high-risk sites has aroused great interest in investigating their histopathologic substrate. We used light and conventional electron microscopy to(More)
In humans, depression is often triggered by prolonged exposure to psychosocial stressors and is often associated with cardiovascular comorbidity. Mounting evidence suggests a role for endocannabinoid signaling in the regulation of both emotional behavior and cardiovascular function. Here, we examined cardiac activity in a rodent model of social(More)
A 47-year-old man with a history of gynecomastia due to prolactin-releasing pituitary microadenoma was admitted to the hospital because of persistent chest pain and fatigue. Chest x-ray showed pronounced enlargement of the cardiac profile (Figure 1), and echocardiography demonstrated a marked pericardial effusion (Figure 2). Pericardiocentesis allowed the(More)