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f ur K unstliche Intelligenz GmbH, DFKI) in the Computational Linguistics area. I am grateful to these institutes for their support. Many, many people have helped me not to get lost during the development of this thesis. Hans Uszkoreit, my main supervisor, provided a motivating, enthusiastic, and critical atmosphere during the many discussions we had. It(More)
This paper examines the origins of language, as treated within Evolutionary Anthropology, under the light offered by a biolinguistic approach. This perspective is presented first. Next we discuss how genetic, anatomical, and archaeological data, which are traditionally taken as evidence for the presence of language, are circumstantial as such from this(More)
CLG(2) is the latest member of a family of grammar formalisms centered around the notion of complex constraint expression for describing phrasal and iexical information and principles of language. Complex constrains can be expressed in a slightly restriced form of first order predicate logic, which makes CLG(2) well suited for expressing, amongst others,(More)
1 Introduction Once Prince & Smolensky (1993) set the theoretical underpinnings of Optimality Theory (OT), the organization and structure of the collection of universal constraints CON soon became a topic of some debate. One of the points that has received some attention has been the possibility to extend CON with complex constraints constructed out of the(More)
Citation: Balari S and Lorenzo G (2015) It is an organ, it is new, but it is not a new organ. Conceptualizing language from a homological perspective. It is an organ, it is new, but it is not a new organ. It is a widely shared opinion among specialists that language is an evolutionary innovation, or that it contains some key evolutionary innovations.(More)
The French clitic system has posed a persistent challenge to transformational syntactic analysis, which has never produced a successful account of problems such as clitic ordering. Lexicalist alternatives, however, have never been reconciled with the full range of familiar problems and the growing body of known lexical idiosyncracies. We present a(More)
2 The Workshop As planned during the kickoff meeting of the EAGLES Working Group on Grammar Formalisms in Saarbrücken (March 1993), a Workshop on " The Linguistic Adequacy of Linguistic Formalisms for NLP " was organized by Dominique Estival (coordinator of the Linguistic Adequacy subgroup), with the help of Klaus Netter, who was also organizing a workshop(More)
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In this paper an evolutionary scenario for the origins of the narrow faculty of language (as defined by Chomsky and others in their recent work) is presented, although putting special emphasis on a methodological distinction between the emergence of this faculty and the development of complex grammatical systems. Thus, in a first step, I seek the possible(More)
Contrary to the received view of Richard Owen as a Platonic and conservative naturalist, we document that he held a radically physicalist worldview that extended to so tough a matter as the Mind/Body Problem. We argue that if viewed from the perspective of his overall comparative project, Owen's reflections on the nature of mind at the end of volume III of(More)
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