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Voltage-gated sodium channels are required for the initiation and propagation of action potentials. Mutations in the neuronal voltage-gated sodium channel SCN1A are associated with a growing number of disorders including generalized epilepsy with febrile seizures plus (GEFS+),(7) severe myoclonic epilepsy of infancy, and familial hemiplegic migraine. To(More)
A growing body of scientific evidence indicates that exercise has a positive impact on human health, including neurological health. Aerobic exercise, which is supposed to enhance cardiovascular functions and metabolism, also induces neurotrophic factors that affect hippocampal neurons, thereby improving spatial learning and memory. Alternatively, little is(More)
The instrumental methods to induce paradoxical sleep (PS) deprivation are stressful. The modified multiple platform method (MMPM), in which animals are placed with new cohorts inside the water tanks, results in augmented ACTH and corticosterone (CORT) responses. We hypothesised that this increased response could be attributed to social instability. In(More)
The PER3 gene is one of the clock genes, which function in the core mammalian molecular circadian system. A variable number of tandem repeats (VNTR) locus in the 18th exon of this gene has been strongly associated to circadian rhythm phenotypes and sleep organization in humans, but it has not been identified in other mammals except primates. To better(More)
The aim of the present study was to verify the effects of pre- or post-training paradoxical sleep (PS) deprivation in mice tested in the passive and the plus-maze discriminative avoidance tasks. Three-month-old Swiss male mice were placed in narrow platforms in a water tank for 72 h to prevent the occurrence of PS. Control animals were kept in the same(More)
Sleep deprivation is associated with cocaine-enhanced genital reflexes in male rats, and castration of the male rat causes a decline in sexual behaviour, which can be reversed by hormone administration. We conducted two experiments to determine whether sleep deprivation and cocaine administration could also induce spontaneous penile erection in castrated(More)
Caffeine is the most widely used psychoactive substance in the world and it is generally believed that it promotes beneficial effects on cognitive performance. However, there is also evidence suggesting that caffeine has inhibitory effects on learning and memory. Considering that caffeine may have anxiogenic effects, thus changing the emotional state of the(More)
BACKGROUND As of late, dopaminergic neurotransmission has been recognized to be involved in the generation of sleep disturbances. Increasing evidence shows that sleep disturbances in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients are mostly related to the disease itself, rather than being a secondary phenomenon. Evidence contained in the literature lends support to the(More)
Vigilance status was continually monitored in socially stable groups of rats exposed to the modified multiple platform (MMP) technique for sleep deprivation. For comparison, sleep parameters were also monitored in socially isolated rats deprived of sleep by the single platform (SP) method. In all cases, sleep was continuously recorded during baseline,(More)
RATIONALE Modafinil is currently used as a treatment for daytime sleepiness. OBJECTIVES The objectives of this study were to explore the dopamine transporter (DAT)-related effects of modafinil on behavior and in vivo neurochemistry in rhesus monkeys (Macaca mulatta). METHODS The effects of modafinil (3.0-10 mg/kg, i.v.) were evaluated on locomotor(More)