Sergio Adamo

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Cachexia is a debilitating condition characterized by extreme skeletal muscle wasting that contributes significantly to morbidity and mortality. Efforts to elucidate the underlying mechanisms of muscle loss have predominantly focused on events intrinsic to the myofiber. In contrast, less regard has been given to potential contributory factors outside the(More)
We investigated the role of phospholipase D (PLD) and its product phosphatidic acid (PA) in myogenic differentiation of cultured L6 rat skeletal myoblasts. Arginine-vasopressin (AVP), a differentiation inducer, rapidly activated PLD in a Rho-dependent way, as shown by almost total suppression of activation by C3 exotoxin pretreatment. Addition of 1-butanol,(More)
Skeletal muscle is susceptible to injury following trauma, neurological dysfunction, and genetic diseases. Skeletal muscle homeostasis is maintained by a pronounced regenerative capacity, which includes the recruitment of stem cells. Chronic exposure to tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) triggers a muscle wasting reminiscent of cachexia. To better understand(More)
In the pursuit of a transplantable construct for the replacement of large skeletal muscle defects arising from traumatic or pathological conditions, several attempts have been made to obtain a highly oriented, vascularized and functional skeletal muscle. Acellular scaffolds derived from organ decellularization are promising, widely used biomaterials for(More)
Fusion of mononucleated myoblasts to form multinucleated myofibers is an essential phase of skeletal myogenesis, which occurs during muscle development as well as during postnatal life for muscle growth, turnover, and regeneration. Many cell adhesion proteins, including integrins, have been shown to be important for myoblast fusion in vertebrates, and(More)
Recent studies strengthen the belief that physical activity as a behavior has a genetic basis. Screening wheel-running behavior in inbred mouse strains highlighted differences among strains, showing that even very limited genetic differences deeply affect mouse behavior. We extended this observation to substrains of the same inbred mouse strain, that is,(More)
Chronic disease states are associated with elevated levels of inflammatory cytokines that have been demonstrated to lead to severe muscle wasting. A mechanistic understanding of muscle wasting is hampered by limited in vivo cytokine models which can be applied to emerging mouse mutants as they are generated. We developed a simple and novel approach to(More)
The majority of cancer patients experience dramatic weight loss, due to cachexia and consisting of skeletal muscle and fat tissue wasting. Cachexia is a negative prognostic factor, interferes with therapy and worsens the patients' quality of life by affecting muscle function. Mice bearing ectopically-implanted C26 colon carcinoma are widely used as an(More)
Static magnetic field (SMF) interacts with mammal skeletal muscle; however, SMF effects on skeletal muscle cells are poorly investigated. The myogenic cell line L6, an in vitro model of muscle development, was used to investigate the effect of a 80 +/- mT SMF generated by a custom-made magnet. SMF promoted myogenic cell differentiation and hypertrophy,(More)
Fabio Naro,1 Vania De Arcangelis,1 Dario Coletti,1 Mario Molinaro,1 Bianca Zani,2 Stefano Vassanelli,3 Carlo Reggiani,3 Anna Teti,2 and Sergio Adamo1 1Dipartimento di Istologia ed Embriologia Medica, Università “La Sapienza,” 00161 Rome; 2Dipartimento di Medicina Sperimentale, Università di L’Aquila, 60710 L’Aquila; and 3Dipartimento di Anatomia e(More)