Sergi Foix

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Time-of-Flight (ToF) cameras deliver 3D images at 25 fps, offering great potential for developing fast object modeling algorithms. Surprisingly, this potential has not been extensively exploited up to now. A reason for this is that, since the acquired depth images are noisy, most of the available registration algorithms are hardly applicable. A further(More)
Supervision of long-lasting extensive botanic experiments is a promising robotic application that some recent technological advances have made feasible. Plant modeling for this application has strong demands, particularly in what concerns three-dimensional (3-D) information gathering and speed.
We register close-range depth images of objects using a Swissranger sensor and apply a spring-mass model for 3D object reconstruction. The Swissranger sensor delivers depth images in real time which have, compared with other types of sensors, such as laser scanners, a lower resolution and are afflicted with larger uncertainties. To reduce noise and remove(More)
This technical report reviews the state-of-the art in the field of ToF cameras, their advantages , their limitations, and their present-day applications sometimes in combination with other sensors. Even though ToF cameras provide neither higher resolution nor larger ambiguity-free range compared to other range map estimation systems, advantages such as(More)
We present a new method for segmenting color images into their composite surfaces by combining color segmentation with model-based fitting utilizing sparse depth data, acquired using time-of-flight (Swissranger, PMD CamCube) and stereo techniques. The main target of our work is the segmentation of plant structures, i.e., leaves, from color-depth images, and(More)
ToF cameras are now a mature technology that is widely being adopted to provide sensory input to robotic applications. Depending on the nature of the objects to be perceived and the viewing distance, we distinguish two groups of applications: those requiring to capture the whole scene and those centered on an object. It will be demonstrated that it is in(More)
Active view planning for gathering data from an unexplored 3D complex scenario is a hard and still open problem in the computer vision community. In this paper, we present a general task-oriented approach based on an information-gain maximization that easily deals with such a problem. Our approach consists of ranking a given set of possible actions, based(More)
Robots, traditionally confined into factories, are nowadays moving to domestic and assistive environments , where they need to deal with complex object shapes, deformable materials, and pose uncertainties at human pace. To attain quick 3D perception, new cameras delivering registered depth and intensity images at a high frame rate hold a lot of promise, and(More)
—In this article, we analyze the effects of ambient light on Time of Flight (ToF) depth imaging for a plant's leaf in sunlight, shadow and room conditions. ToF imaging is sensitive to ambient light and we try to find the best possible integration times (IT) for each condition. This is important in order to optimize camera calibration. Our analysis is based(More)