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Time-of-Flight (ToF) cameras deliver 3D images at 25 fps, offering great potential for developing fast object modeling algorithms. Surprisingly, this potential has not been extensively exploited up to now. A reason for this is that, since the acquired depth images are noisy, most of the available registration algorithms are hardly applicable. A further(More)
In this article we analyze the response of Time of Flight cameras (active sensors) for close range imaging under three different illumination conditions and compare the results with stereo vision (passive) sensors. Time of Flight sensors are sensitive to ambient light and have low resolution but deliver high frame rate accurate depth data under suitable(More)
We register close-range depth images of objects using a Swissranger sensor and apply a spring-mass model for 3D object reconstruction. The Swissranger sensor delivers depth images in real time which have, compared with other types of sensors, such as laser scanners, a lower resolution and are afflicted with larger uncertainties. To reduce noise and remove(More)
We present a new method for segmenting color images into their composite surfaces by combining color segmentation with model-based fitting utilizing sparse depth data, acquired using time-of-flight (Swissranger, PMD CamCube) and stereo techniques. The main target of our work is the segmentation of plant structures, i.e., leaves, from color-depth images, and(More)
ToF cameras are now a mature technology that is widely being adopted to provide sensory input to robotic applications. Depending on the nature of the objects to be perceived and the viewing distance, we distinguish two groups of applications: those requiring to capture the whole scene and those centered on an object. It will be demonstrated that it is in(More)
This study analysed whether at different energy levels, a varied diet based on Mediterranean Diet patterns would meet the RDIs for specific nutrients in a population > 65 y. Based on RDIs for elderly persons > 65 y for PRO, FAT CHO, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, vitamin C, B6, folate and fibre, menu models based on Mediterranean diet food(More)
This technical report reviews the state-of-the art in the field of ToF cameras, their advantages, their limitations, and their present-day applications sometimes in combination with other sensors. Even though ToF cameras provide neither higher resolution nor larger ambiguity-free range compared to other range map estimation systems, advantages such as(More)
In this article, we analyze the effects of ambient light on Time of Flight (ToF) depth imaging for a plant’s leaf in sunlight, shadow and room conditions. ToF imaging is sensitive to ambient light and we try to find the best possible integration times (IT) for each condition. This is important in order to optimize camera calibration. Our analysis is based(More)