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Molecular definition of the cellular receptor for the collagen domain of C1q has been elusive. We now report that C1q binds specifically to human CR1 (CD35), the leukocyte C3b/C4b receptor, and the receptor on erythrocytes for opsonized immune complexes. Biotinylated or radioiodinated C1q (*C1q) bound specifically to transfected K562 cells expressing cell(More)
Mannan-binding lectin (MBL), a member of the collectin family, is known to have opsonic function, although identification of its cellular receptor has been elusive. Complement C1q, which is homologous to MBL, binds to complement receptor 1 (CR1/CD35), and thus we investigated whether CR1 also functions as the MBL receptor. Radioiodinated MBL bound to(More)
Previously, we showed that soluble C1q bound specifically to CR1 on transfected cells. If the CR1-C1q interaction were to participate in immune complex clearance, then this interaction should support E adhesion. Using a tip plate adhesion assay, we found that immobilized C1q mediated adhesion of human E. E binding to C1q was specifically inhibited by(More)
The activity of hemolytically inactive C5b67, designated iC5b67, was evaluated as an agonist for functional responses of human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN). C5b67 was formed from purified human complement components and decayed in phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) until it had no lytic activity for sheep erythrocytes in a standard assay. iC5b67, at(More)
Haemolytically inactive C5b67 (iC5b67), which was made from purified human components and decayed to a haemolytically inactive form, was evaluated as an agonist for murine leucocytes both in vitro and in vivo. In an in vitro assay, iC5b67 stimulated chemotaxis for both neutrophils purified from mouse bone marrow and splenic eosinophils of IL-5 transgenic(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) and beta2 integrins in the production of superoxide (O2-) by C1q-stimulated human polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN). METHODS PMN were pretreated with F(ab')2 fragments of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) that blocked or did not block beta2 integrin-mediated adhesion. The cells(More)
The soybean seed basic 7S globulin (Bg) is capable of binding bovine insulin and insulin-like growth factors, and has protein kinase activity which corresponds to about two thirds of the tyrosine kinase activity of the rat insulin receptor. A 4-kDa peptide named leginsulin, which can bind to Bg and compete with insulin for binding to Bg, was isolated from(More)
The cytoskeleton is considered to be a very important cellular component, playing a role in the interactions between different organelles. However, in many cases the true biochemical functions and some of the structural aspects of cytoskeletal filaments are still unknown. Several hybridoma cell lines producing monoclonal antibodies (Mab) against a complex(More)
Mutual arrangement of histone H1 molecules and central globular parts of H1 was studied by crosslinking with a reversible bifunctional reagent. The yields of histone H1 dimers and dimers of it's globular fragment in nuclei and isolated chromatin were similar. In the presence of 8 M urea the yield of the H1 dimers was approximately threefold decreased,(More)