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— It is known that for a large magnitude push a human or a humanoid robot must take a step to avoid a fall. Despite some scattered results, a principled approach towards " When and where to take a step " has not yet emerged. Towards this goal, we present methods for computing Capture Points and the Capture Region, the region on the ground where a humanoid(More)
Because ever more powerful intelligent agents will interact with people in increasingly sophisticated and important ways, greater attention must be given to the technical and social aspects of how to make agents acceptable to people [16.72]. From a technical perspective, we want to help ensure the protection of agent states, the viability of agent(More)
In this paper we discuss delay estimation in time-delay systems. In the Introduction a short overview is given of some existing estimation techniques as well as identifiability studies. In the following sections we propose several algorithms for the delay identification based on variable structure observers.
We present an analysis of a point mass, point foot, planar inverted pendulum model for bipedal walking. Using this model, we derive expressions for a conserved quantity, the "orbital energy", given a smooth center of mass trajectory. Given a closed form center of mass trajectory, the equation for the orbital energy is a closed form expression except for an(More)