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We present the first genome-wide study of recent evolution in Culex pipiens species complex focusing on the genomic extent, functional targets and likely causes of global and local adaptations. We resequenced pooled samples of six populations of C. pipiens and two populations of the outgroup Culex torrentium. We used principal component analysis to(More)
The world is rapidly urbanizing, and only a subset of species are able to succeed in stressful city environments. Efficient genome-enabled stress response appears to be a likely prerequisite for urban adaptation. Despite the important role ants play in the ecosytem, only the genomes of ~13 have been sequenced so far. Here, we present the draft genome(More)
Three model plant species (Aegopodium podagraria, Tripleurospermum inodorum, and Geranium palustri) were used to show the differences in visitation rates and pollinator sets between plant individuals growing at the center and periphery of single-species patches. Most of the insect species visited the center more frequently, but Phaonia basalis (Diptera,(More)
The pattern of pollinator movements determines the dynamics of the pollen transfer between zoophilic plants. The structure of plant populations depends on this aspect of the pollinator foraging behavior. A new method for the estimation of the rate of moving away from an object was used for a more precise determination of the distance at which pollinators(More)
For screening frailty in daily practice, we developed the questionnaire relating issues of weight loss, impaired vision and hearing, injuries related to falls, mood decline, cognitive impairment, urinary incontinence, and mobility difficulties. 356 outpatients from Moscow were included in the study (mean age 74,9±6,1 years, women - 80,4 %). Patients were(More)
Accumulation of various types of lesions in the course of aging increases an organism’s vulnerability and results in a monotonous elevation of mortality rate, irrespective of the position of a species on the evolutionary tree. Stroustrup et al. (Nature, 530, 103–107) [1] showed in 2016 that in the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans, longevity-altering factors(More)
We analyzed the pollen content in the gut and on the body of hoverflies (Diptera: Syrphidae), mostly from three genera (Eristalis, Syrphus s. l., and Sphaerophoria) that visited flowers of two jointly flowering species of Apiaceae with indistinguishable pollen (Anthriscus sylvestris and Aegopodium podagraria) and of Bunias orientalis (Brassicaceae). Pollen(More)
Movements of pollinators in generalized plant-pollinator systems were investigated. Some species of insects, unlike the majority of the species studied, are shown to prefer areas with sparse plant cover. Thus, the composition of pollinators depends on the density of plant patches and can vary even within a distance of several meters. Within large plant(More)
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