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For the treatment of minimal residual disease in patients with leukemias and malignant lymphomas, we constructed a heterodimeric diabody specific for human CD19 on B cells and CD3epsilon chain of the T cell receptor complex. The bispecific diabody was expressed in Escherichia coli using a vector containing a dicistronic operon for co-secretion of(More)
Single chain variable fragments (scFv) of the murine monoclonal antibody HD37 specific to human B-cell antigen CD19 were constructed by joining the VH and VL domains with linkers of 18, 10, 1 and 0 residues. ScFv-18 formed monomers, dimers and small amounts of tetramers; scFv-10 formed dimers and small amounts of tetramers; scFv-1 formed exclusively(More)
Recombinant antibody fragments directed against cell surface antigens have facilitated the development of novel therapeutic agents. As a first step in the creation of cytotoxic immunoconjugates, we constructed a single-chain Fv fragment derived from the murine hybridoma OKT3, that recognizes an epitope on the epsilon-subunit of the human CD3 complex. Two(More)
Various forms of recombinant monoclonal antibodies are being used increasingly, mainly for therapeutic purposes. This review specifically focuses on what is now called antibody engineering, and discusses the generation of chimeric, humanized, and fully human recombinant antibodies, immunoglobulin fragments, and artificial antigen-binding molecules. Since(More)
To increase the valency, stability and therapeutic potential of bispecific antibodies, we designed a novel recombinant molecule that is bispecific and tetravalent. It was constructed by linking four antibody variable domains (VHand VL) with specificities for human CD3 (T cell antigen) or CD19 (B cell marker) into a single chain construct. After expression(More)
Eimeria tenella is a coccidian parasite of great economical importance for poultry industry. The surface of Eimeria invasive agents, sporozoites and merozoites, is coated with a family of developmentally regulated glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-linked surface antigens (SAGs), some of them involved in the initiation of the infection process. Using 2D gel(More)
Recent studies revealed an immunoregulatory role of natural IgG-anti-F(ab')2 antibodies in both healthy individuals and patients with certain diseases. The implication of anti-F(ab')2 antibodies in the pathogenesis of diseases prompted us to study the gene segment structure of their antigen-binding domains and their binding characteristics. cDNA was(More)
The mouse anti-human CD3 monoclonal antibody OKT3 is a potent immunosuppressive agent used in clinical transplantation. However, OKT3 therapy is associated with unpleasant and often serious side effects which appear to result from cytokine release, complement activation and a human anti-mouse antibody (HAMA) response. To decrease these adverse side effects,(More)
The isolation of recombinant antibodies by phage display naturally leads to experiments to evaluate their biological and immunological properties. Although crude preparations may have their value in initial studies, the need often exists for highly purified protein that can be tested in vivo. This chapter describes methods to generate high yields of scFv(More)
In antigen-antibody interactions, the high avidity of antibodies depends on the affinity and number of the individual binding sites. To develop artificial antibodies with multiple valency, we have fused the single-chain antibody Fv fragments to core streptavidin. The resulting fusion protein, termed scFv::strep, was found after expression in Escherichia(More)