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Members of the Ets family of transcription factors mediate transcriptional responses of multiple signaling pathways in diverse cell types and organisms. Targeted deletion of the conserved DNA binding domain of the Ets2 transcription factor results in the retardation and death of homozygous mouse embryos before 8.5 days of embryonic development. Defects in(More)
Recent landmark experiments have shown that transient overexpression of a small number of transcription factors can reprogram differentiated cells into induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells that resemble embryonic stem (ES) cells. These iPS cells hold great promise for medicine because they have the potential to generate patient-specific cell types for cell(More)
The intermediate filament protein keratin 8 (K8) is critical for the development of most mouse embryos beyond midgestation. We find that 68% of K8-/- embryos, in a sensitive genetic background, are rescued from placental bleeding and subsequent death by cellular complementation with wild-type tetraploid extraembryonic cells. This indicates that the primary(More)
ADAMs (a disintegrin and metalloproteases) are members of the metzincin superfamily of metalloproteases. Among integrins binding to disintegrin domains of ADAMs are alpha(9)beta(1) and alpha(v)beta(3), and they bind in an RGD-independent and an RGD-dependent manner, respectively. Human ADAM15 is the only ADAM with the RGD motif in the disintegrin domain.(More)
Trophinin mediates apical cell adhesion between two human cell lines, trophoblastic teratocarcinoma and endometrial adenocarcinoma. In humans, trophinin is specifically expressed in cells involved in implantation and early placentation. The present study was undertaken to establish trophinin expression by the mouse uterus. In the pregnant mouse uterus,(More)
Cell-based therapies to treat retinal degeneration are now being tested in clinical trials. However, it is not known whether the source of stem cells is important for the production of differentiated cells suitable for transplantation. To test this, we generated induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from murine rod photoreceptors (r-iPSCs) and scored their(More)
Previously we reported that the size of the stem cell compartment (measured as LTC-IC) is 11-fold greater in DBA/2 than in C57BL/6 mice, and we identified genes that regulate the size of the stem cell pool. To determine whether stem cell intrinsic or extrinsic events account for these differences, we created chimeras by aggregating morulae from the strains(More)
The first differentiation event during mammalian embryogenesis is the commitment of blastomeres to the trophectoderm cell lineage. Much remains to be learned about the genetic control of this first cell lineage commitment and the subsequent events underlying the differentiation of all extraembryonic cell lineages. Because of the unique features of(More)
Somatic mutation in neurons is linked to neurologic disease and implicated in cell-type diversification. However, the origin, extent, and patterns of genomic mutation in neurons remain unknown. We established a nuclear transfer method to clonally amplify the genomes of neurons from adult mice for whole-genome sequencing. Comprehensive mutation detection and(More)
The production of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from somatic cells provides a means to create valuable tools for basic research and may also produce a source of patient-matched cells for regenerative therapies. iPSCs may be generated using multiple protocols and derived from multiple cell sources. Once generated, iPSCs are tested using a variety of(More)