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OBJECTIVE To determine the levels of postacrosomal WW binding protein (PAWP) in the spermatozoa of men that were used clinically for intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) and to correlate them with infertility treatment outcomes. DESIGN Prospective clinical and laboratory study. SETTING University-based laboratory and infertility clinic. PATIENT(S)… (More)
The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between DNA integrity and protamines in human sperm. One hundred forty-nine male infertility patients were included in an Institutional Review Board-approved study. Sperm were evaluated for DNA fragmentation using the DNA Integrity Assay, a test equivalent to the sperm chromatin structure assay… (More)
Mammalian zygotic development is initiated by sperm-mediated intracellular calcium oscillations, followed by activation of metaphase II-arrested oocytes. Sperm postacrosomal WW binding protein (PAWP) fulfils the criteria set for an oocyte-activating factor by inducing oocyte activation and being stored in the perinuclear theca, the sperm compartment whose… (More)
The purpose of our study was to analyze the relationship of leukocytospermia to sperm DNA damage as assessed by the DNA integrity assay. Results indicate that leukocytospermia has a significant negative effect on the standard semen parameters of concentration, motility, and morphology but at most a very weak effect on DNA integrity as measured by the DNA… (More)
OBJECTIVE To compare DNA damage in ejaculated and testicular spermatozoa in patients with previously unsuccessful oral antioxidant treatment. DESIGN Prospective clinical study. SETTING University-affiliated teaching hospital. PATIENT(S) Twelve men with persistently high sperm DNA damage. INTERVENTION(S) Evaluation of DNA damage of ejaculated and… (More)
Gonadal failure, along with early pregnancy loss and perinatal death, may be an important filter that limits the propagation of harmful mutations in the human population. We hypothesized that men with spermatogenic impairment, a disease with unknown genetic architecture and a common cause of male infertility, are enriched for rare deleterious mutations… (More)
Men with high sperm DNA damage have a reduced fertility potential. Correlation of specific clinical factors to the degree of sperm DNA damage remains unclear. This retrospective study evaluated the frequency and severity of sperm DNA damage in men with different aetiologies of male factor infertility. Patients with male factor infertility (n=288) underwent… (More)
Previous independent studies have indicated that abnormally low parameters of sperm DNA integrity and sperm membrane integrity correlate to reduced fertility due in part to implantation disorders. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the relationship between sperm plasma membrane functional integrity assessed by the hypo-osmotic swelling test (HOST) and… (More)
The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship of male age and DNA integrity in men presenting for investigation of infertility. We found that men 45 years and older had significantly greater DNA fragmentation than younger men.
Our study aimed to compare the frequency of epididymal protein P34H deficiency in a population of men undergoing routine infertility evaluation with that in men with proven fertility. Our results suggest that a significant proportion of men investigated for male infertility may be epididymal protein P34H deficient.