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Hypertension promotes atherosclerosis and is a major source of morbidity and mortality. We show that mice lacking T and B cells (RAG-1-/- mice) have blunted hypertension and do not develop abnormalities of vascular function during angiotensin II infusion or desoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt. Adoptive transfer of T, but not B, cells restored these(More)
An essential cofactor for the endothelial NO synthase is tetrahydrobiopterin (H4B). In the present study, we show that in human endothelial cells, laminar shear stress dramatically increases H4B levels and enzymatic activity of GTP cyclohydrolase (GTPCH)-1, the first step of H4B biosynthesis. In contrast, protein levels of GTPCH-1 were not affected by(More)
Endothelial cell (EC) proliferation and migration are important for reendothelialization and angiogenesis. We have demonstrated that reactive oxygen species (ROS) derived from the small GTPase Rac1-dependent NAD(P)H oxidase are involved in vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-mediated endothelial responses mainly through the VEGF type2 receptor(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with an increased risk of stroke due almost exclusively to emboli from left atrial appendage (LAA) thrombi. Recently, we reported that AF was associated with endocardial dysfunction, limited to the left atrium (LA) and LAA and manifest as reduced nitric oxide (NO*) production and increased expression of(More)
Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) have been used successfully to reduce acquired immunodeficiency syndrome mortality. However, the use of these compounds is associated with numerous tissue toxicities, including cardiomyopathy. These studies address the effects of NRTIs on vascular function. Functional assays of contraction and relaxation(More)
Cardiac dysfunction following acute myocardial infarction is a major cause of death in the world and there is a compelling need for new therapeutic strategies. In this report we demonstrate that a direct cardiac injection of drug-loaded microparticles, formulated from the polymer poly(cyclohexane-1,4-diylacetone dimethylene ketal) (PCADK), improves cardiac(More)
We previously found that angiotensin II-induced hypertension increases vascular extracellular superoxide dismutase (ecSOD), and proposed that this is a compensatory mechanism that blunts the hypertensive response and preserves endothelium-dependent vasodilatation. To test this hypothesis, we studied ecSOD-deficient mice. ecSOD(-/-) and C57Blk/6 mice had(More)
In animal models of neurodegenerative diseases pathological changes vary with the type of organ and species of the animals. We studied differences in the mitochondrial permeability transition (mPT) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in the liver (LM) and brain (BM) of Sprague-Dawley rats and C57Bl mice. In the presence of ADP mouse LM and rat LM(More)
Recently, it has been shown that the exogenous addition of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) increases endothelial nitric oxide (NO(.)) production. The current study is designed to determine whether endogenous levels of H(2)O(2) are ever sufficient to stimulate NO(.) production in intact endothelial cells. NO(.) production was detected by a NO(.)-specific(More)