Sergey Fedoroff

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A marked effect of colony stimulating factor-1(CSF-1) on microglial response and neuron survival in cerebral cortex ischemic damage was observed. In osteopetrotic op/op mice, which lack systemically functional CSF-1 microglia do not respond to ischemic damage to the cerebral cortex, and the infarcts are considerably larger than in CSF-1 producing mice with(More)
We examined the effect of bacterial wall lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a strong inflammatory agent, on the morphology, cell motility, cytoskeletal organization, and phagocytic activity of microglia in tissue cultures initiated from neopallia of newborn C3H/OuJ mice. Normally, the microglia in our cultures are non-migratory and Mac-1 positive, have ameboid cell(More)
Kinetics for uptake and release of glutamate were measured in normal, i.e., nontransformed, astrocytes in cultures obtained from the dissociated, cortexenriched superficial parts of the brain hemispheres of newborn DBA mice. The uptake kinetics indicated a minor, unsaturable component together with an intense uptake following Michaelis-Menten kinetics. TheK(More)
T h e field of Tissue Culture has developed very rapidly during recent years and tissue culture methodology has become a useful research tool in many branches of science. Consequently, scientists with various backgrounds and various aims have entered the field of Tissue Culture_ As a result considerable controversy has developed over terminoiogy, and this(More)
Mice that are homozygous for the autosomal recessive mutation osteopetrosis (op) suffer from a general skeletal sclerosis, and the numbers of macrophages in various tissues are significantly decreased. We report that microglia in op/op mice are not affected by the mutation. They have normal morphology and are present in the CNS in normal frequency. In(More)
The effect of the cytokine, colony stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1), on neuronal survival in cerebral cortex ischemic lesion was determined. Ischemic lesions were made in C3H/HeJ mice by disrupting blood vessels that penetrate the cerebral cortex from the pial-vascular plexus. Recombinant human colony stimulating factor 1 (rhCSF-1) was delivered in chitosan(More)
The aim of this study was to develop delivery systems for administration of CSF-1 to remedy the systemic deficiency of this cytokine in osteopetrotic op/op mice and to study the microglial response and neuronal survival in op/op mice following cerebral cortex ischemic lesion. Unilateral cerebral cortex ischemic lesions were produced in homozygous op/op mice(More)
In this paper we have described the organization of F-actin and actin-binding proteins (ABP): alpha-actinin, myosin, tropomyosin, caldesmon, vinculin, talin, and spectrin, in differentiating astroglia in colony cultures. We observed that the microfilament (MF) network arrangements differ at various stages of astroglia development, but the composition of MF(More)
Intermediate filaments of the vimentin type that were initially identified within mesodermally derived cells have recently been demonstrated within several immature cell types derived from neuroectoderm, such as astroblasts and early stage neuroblasts. The objective of the present study was to determine the earliest developmental stage at which vimentin(More)
When cells from mouse neopallium are grown in colony cultures for 10-12 days, small cells with many processes, resembling normal fibrous astrocytes, form on top of the astrocyte precursor cells independently of the presence of dBcAMP in the culture medium. These cells are distinctly different from the much larger, previously described reactive astrocytes(More)