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Caffeic acid phenethyl ester, an active component of propolis extract, inhibits 5-lipoxygenase in the micromolar concentration range. The inhibition is of an uncompetitive type, i.e. the inhibitor binds to the enzyme-substrate complex but not to the free enzyme. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester also exhibits antioxidant properties. At a concentration of 10(More)
The purpose of this work was to study the possible use of pretreated biomass of various microalgae and cyanobacteria as substrates for acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation by Clostridium acetobutylicum cells immobilized into poly(vinyl alcohol) cryogel. To this end, the biochemical composition of photosynthetic microorganisms cultivated under various(More)
An ultra-low dose (10(-14) M) of opioid peptide [D-Ala2]methionine enkephalinamide (DAMEA) is found to exert an inhibitory effect on the production of reactive oxygen species (respiratory burst) in human neutrophils. The validity of this phenomenon has been verified in a series of studies that comprised 30 experiments. The inhibition has proved to be(More)
Comparison and multiple alignments of amino acid sequences of a representative number of related enzymes demonstrate the existence of certain positions of amino acid residues which are permanently reproducible in all members of the whole family. The use of the bioinformatic approach revealed conservative residues in each of the related enzymes and ranked(More)
Immobilization of prostaglandin-H-synthetase (EC 1.14.99.1) of the microsomal fraction of ram vesicular gland in the microparticles of insoluble polyelectrolyte complexes by non-covalent incorporation was studied. It was shown that immobilization occurs with a high efficiency and high activity yield (40-70%). Non-specific reversible inhibition of the enzyme(More)
The phenomenon of supercooperativity in platelet aggregation is manifested by the occurrence of clear-cut thresholds in dose-response relationships; in such cases the Hill coefficient has unusually high values. Approximation, by the Hill equation, of the relationship of the rate of arachidonate-induced platelet aggregation to the concentrations of either(More)
The spatial structure and function of proteins are encoded in their amino acid sequence. Primary structures of proteins often differ so significantly that a pairto-pair comparison does not allow revealing any relation between them. In this case, the invariant amino acid positions in protein pairs studied can be revealed only with the use of multiple(More)
Incubation of human platelets (in the form of platelet rich plasma or washed platelet suspension) with sodium merthiolate (ethyl mercuric salicylate inhibiting the arachidonic acid incorporation into phospholipids) induces their irreversible aggregation, which is accompanied by TxB2 synthesis. The merthiolate-induced aggregation has a lag-period of 0.5-10(More)
We have prepared two lipophilic derivatives of caffeic acid at the carboxylic function--caffeic acid phenethyl ester, an active component of propolis, and N,N'-dicyclohexyl-O-(3,4-dihydroxycinnamoyl)-isourea. Both substances inhibit barley 5-lipoxygenase and soybean 15-lipoxygenase at micromolar concentrations. The inhibition is uncompetitive,(More)
A kinetic study of inhibition of Polyporus versicolor laccase activity by fluoride-, chloride- and bromide ions has been carried out. It has been found that the fluoride ion is a non-competitive inhibitor with respect to the electron donor and a mixed inhibitor with respect to oxygen. However, the chloride and bromide ions are competitive inhibitors with(More)