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The purpose of this work was to study the possible use of pretreated biomass of various microalgae and cyanobacteria as substrates for acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation by Clostridium acetobutylicum cells immobilized into poly(vinyl alcohol) cryogel. To this end, the biochemical composition of photosynthetic microorganisms cultivated under various(More)
Caffeic acid phenethyl ester, an active component of propolis extract, inhibits 5-lipoxygenase in the micromolar concentration range. The inhibition is of an uncompetitive type, i.e. the inhibitor binds to the enzyme-substrate complex but not to the free enzyme. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester also exhibits antioxidant properties. At a concentration of 10(More)
BACKGROUND The analysis of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) can be an alternative to traditional endoscopic sampling of lower respiratory tract secretions. This is a simple non-invasive method of diagnosing respiratory diseases, in particular, respiratory inflammatory processes. METHODS Samples were collected with a special device-condenser (ECoScreen,(More)
A plug flow multi-electrode bioelectrochemical reactor for wastewater treatment and simultaneous generation of electricity has been developed and its efficiency investigated. It employs a horizontally located anodic zone in which the anodic electrodes comprise porous graphite plates coated with palladium. The aerated immersed cathodic electrodes contain(More)
Comparison and multiple alignments of amino acid sequences of a representative number of related enzymes demonstrate the existence of certain positions of amino acid residues which are permanently reproducible in all members of the whole family. The use of the bioinformatic approach revealed conservative residues in each of the related enzymes and ranked(More)
An ultra-low dose (10(-14) M) of opioid peptide [D-Ala2]methionine enkephalinamide (DAMEA) is found to exert an inhibitory effect on the production of reactive oxygen species (respiratory burst) in human neutrophils. The validity of this phenomenon has been verified in a series of studies that comprised 30 experiments. The inhibition has proved to be(More)
The respiratory burst induced by phorbol myristate acetate in mouse macrophages was inhibited by ultra-low doses (10(-15)-10(-13) M) of an opioid peptide [D-Ala2]methionine enkephalinamide. The effect disappeared at concentrations above and below this range. The inhibition approached 50% and was statistically significant (P < 0.001). Increasing the time of(More)
Prostaglandin H synthetase (PGH synthetase) has been purified to homogeneity from sheep vesicular glands. The pure enzyme has a specific activity of about 40 microM of arachidonic acid consumed per minute per milligram of protein, which corresponds to a turnover number of 2800 min-1 per subunit. The purified enzyme was obtained by one-stage chromatography(More)
The quantitative study of the processes that accompany nonenzymatic degradation of prostaglandin H2 has been carried out. The thiobarbituric acid test which shows the content of malonic dialdehyde in the reaction mixture has been used to study kinetics of the degradation. The apparent rate constants of this process have been pH-independent over the pH-range(More)
The analysis of the protein composition of exhaled breath to diagnose diseases of the respiratory system raises a problem of differentiation proteins of expressed in the tissues of the lungs and respiratory tract (endogenous) and got in the respiratory system from the ambient air in the process of respiration (exogenous). In this work an attempt was made to(More)