Sergey D. Varfolomeev

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Caffeic acid phenethyl ester, an active component of propolis extract, inhibits 5-lipoxygenase in the micromolar concentration range. The inhibition is of an uncompetitive type, i.e. the inhibitor binds to the enzyme-substrate complex but not to the free enzyme. Caffeic acid phenethyl ester also exhibits antioxidant properties. At a concentration of 10(More)
The purpose of this work was to study the possible use of pretreated biomass of various microalgae and cyanobacteria as substrates for acetone-butanol-ethanol (ABE) fermentation by Clostridium acetobutylicum cells immobilized into poly(vinyl alcohol) cryogel. To this end, the biochemical composition of photosynthetic microorganisms cultivated under various(More)
An ultra-low dose (10(-14) M) of opioid peptide [D-Ala2]methionine enkephalinamide (DAMEA) is found to exert an inhibitory effect on the production of reactive oxygen species (respiratory burst) in human neutrophils. The validity of this phenomenon has been verified in a series of studies that comprised 30 experiments. The inhibition has proved to be(More)
BACKGROUND The analysis of exhaled breath condensate (EBC) can be an alternative to traditional endoscopic sampling of lower respiratory tract secretions. This is a simple non-invasive method of diagnosing respiratory diseases, in particular, respiratory inflammatory processes. METHODS Samples were collected with a special device-condenser (ECoScreen,(More)
Comparison and multiple alignments of amino acid sequences of a representative number of related enzymes demonstrate the existence of certain positions of amino acid residues which are permanently reproducible in all members of the whole family. The use of the bioinformatic approach revealed conservative residues in each of the related enzymes and ranked(More)
Immobilization of prostaglandin-H-synthetase (EC 1.14.99.1) of the microsomal fraction of ram vesicular gland in the microparticles of insoluble polyelectrolyte complexes by non-covalent incorporation was studied. It was shown that immobilization occurs with a high efficiency and high activity yield (40-70%). Non-specific reversible inhibition of the enzyme(More)
The respiratory burst induced by phorbol myristate acetate in mouse macrophages was inhibited by ultra-low doses (10(-15)-10(-13) M) of an opioid peptide [D-Ala2]methionine enkephalinamide. The effect disappeared at concentrations above and below this range. The inhibition approached 50% and was statistically significant (P < 0.001). Increasing the time of(More)
The phenomenon of supercooperativity in platelet aggregation is manifested by the occurrence of clear-cut thresholds in dose-response relationships; in such cases the Hill coefficient has unusually high values. Approximation, by the Hill equation, of the relationship of the rate of arachidonate-induced platelet aggregation to the concentrations of either(More)
In the course of analysis of protein composition of exhaled breath to diagnose diseases of the respiratory system the problem is raised to distinguish between proteins, expressed in lung tissues and in respiratory tract (endogenous) and those that got into the respiratory system from the ambient air in the process of respiration (exogenous). In this work,(More)
The spatial structure and function of proteins are encoded in their amino acid sequence. Primary structures of proteins often differ so significantly that a pairto-pair comparison does not allow revealing any relation between them. In this case, the invariant amino acid positions in protein pairs studied can be revealed only with the use of multiple(More)