Sergey Bessonov

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Formation of catalytically active RNA structures within the spliceosome requires the assistance of proteins. However, little is known about the number and nature of proteins needed to establish and maintain the spliceosome's active site. Here we affinity-purified human spliceosomal C complexes and show that they catalyse exon ligation in the absence of(More)
More than 200 proteins associate with human spliceosomes, but little is known about their relative abundances in a given spliceosomal complex. Here we describe a novel two-dimensional (2D) electrophoresis method that allows separation of high-molecular-mass proteins without in-gel precipitation and thus without loss of protein. Using this system coupled(More)
To better understand the compositional and structural dynamics of the human spliceosome during its activation, we set out to isolate spliceosomal complexes formed after precatalytic B but prior to catalytically active C complexes. By shortening the polypyrimidine tract of the PM5 pre-mRNA, which lacks a 3' splice site and 3' exon, we stalled spliceosome(More)
Although U snRNAs play essential roles in splicing, little is known about the 3D arrangement of U2, U6, and U5 snRNAs and the pre-mRNA in active spliceosomes. To elucidate their relative spatial organization and dynamic rearrangement, we examined the RNA structure of affinity-purified, human spliceosomes before and after catalytic step 1 by chemical RNA(More)
Aquarius is a multifunctional putative RNA helicase that binds precursor-mRNA introns at a defined position. Here we report the crystal structure of human Aquarius, revealing a central RNA helicase core and several unique accessory domains, including an ARM-repeat domain. We show that Aquarius is integrated into spliceosomes as part of a pentameric(More)
Serine/arginine-rich (SR) proteins are important players in RNA metabolism and are extensively phosphorylated at serine residues in RS repeats. Here, we show that phosphorylation switches the RS domain of the serine/arginine-rich splicing factor 1 from a fully disordered state to a partially rigidified arch-like structure. Nuclear magnetic resonance(More)
The spliceosome excises introns from pre-mRNA in a two-step splicing reaction. So far, the three-dimensional (3D) structure of a spliceosome with preserved catalytic activity has remained elusive. Here, we determined the 3D structure of the human, catalytically active step I spliceosome (C complex) by cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM) in vitrified ice. Via(More)
The roles of Argonaute proteins in cytoplasmic microRNA and RNAi pathways are well established. However, their implication in small RNA-mediated transcriptional gene silencing in the mammalian cell nucleus is less understood. We have recently shown that intronic siRNAs cause chromatin modifications that inhibit RNA polymerase II elongation and modulate(More)
In multiple myeloma (MM), both vascular endothelial (VEGF) and basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) promote tumor growth and survival. We have used the novel indolinone BIBF 1000 to study effects of simultaneous inhibition of VEGF, FGF and transforming growth factor-beta on MM cells and their interactions with bone marrow stroma cells (BMSCs). Both, in the(More)
The spliceosome undergoes major changes in protein and RNA composition during pre-mRNA splicing. Knowing the proteins-and their respective quantities-at each spliceosomal assembly stage is critical for understanding the molecular mechanisms and regulation of splicing. Here, we applied three independent mass spectrometry (MS)-based approaches for(More)