Learn More
We have analyzed transcription termination, 3'-end formation, and excision of the 3'-terminal intron in vivo in the Balbiani ring 1 (BR1) gene and its pre-mRNA. We show that full-length RNA transcripts are evenly spaced on the gene from a position 300 bp upstream to a region 500-700 bp downstream of the polyadenylation sequence. Very few full-length(More)
Linker histone H1 is located on the surface of the nucleosome where it interacts with the linker DNA region and stabilizes the 30-nm chromatin fiber. Vertebrates have several different, relatively conserved subtypes of H1; however, the functional reason for this is unclear. We have previously shown that H1 can be reconstituted in Xenopus oocytes, cells that(More)
When the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) is integrated into the genome of a mammalian cell, its long terminal repeat (LTR) harbors six specifically positioned nucleosomes. Transcription from the MMTV promoter is regulated by the glucocorticoid hormone via the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). The mechanism of the apparently constitutive nucleosome arrangement(More)
The fear of autoimmunity in DNA-vaccine recipients initiated screening for anti-DNA antibodies in rabbits immunized with genes of viral nucleic acid-binding and adapter proteins. Of 11 DNA/protein-immunized rabbits, seven had developed secondary antibodies against DNA detected at weeks 11-50 from the on-start of immunization. Two rabbits immunized with(More)
The mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) promoter is induced by glucocorticoid hormone. A robust hormone- and receptor-dependent activation could be reproduced in Xenopus laevis oocytes. The homogeneous response in this system allowed a detailed analysis of the transition in chromatin structure following hormone activation. This revealed two novel findings:(More)
Xenopus oocytes lack somatic linker histone H1 but contain an oocyte-specific variant, B4. The glucocorticoid receptor (GR) inducible mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) promoter was reconstituted in Xenopus oocytes to address the effects of histone H1. The expression of Xenopus H1o [corrected] (H1) via cytoplasmic mRNA injection resulted in H1 incorporation(More)
Numerous attempts to induce immunity against HCV core (HCV-C) by DNA immunization met serious difficulties in optimizing T-helper cell and antibody responses. Immunomodulatory properties of HCV-C could be blamed that seem to be dependent on the genotype of HCV source. Here, we characterized HCV-C gene from HCV 1b isolate 274933RU. Eukaryotic expression of(More)
Prostate cancer growth depends on androgens. Synthetic antiandrogens are used in the cancer treatment. However, antiandrogens, such as bicalutamide (BIC), have a mixed agonist/antagonist activity. Here we compare the antiandrogenic capacity of BIC to a new antiandrogen, MDV3100 (MDV) or Enzalutamide™. By reconstitution of a hormone-regulated enhancer in(More)
The deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A (TSA) has long been used to study the relationship between gene transcription and the acetylation status of chromatin. We have used Xenopus laevis oocytes to study the effects of TSA on glucocorticoid receptor (GR)-dependent transcription and we have related these effects to changes in the chromatin structure of a(More)
Linker histone H1, one of the most abundant nuclear proteins in multicellular eukaryotes, is a key component of the chromatin structure mainly due to its role in the formation and maintenance of the 30nm chromatin fiber. It has a three-domain structure; a central globular domain flanked by a short N-terminal domain and a long, highly basic C-terminal(More)