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Resveratrol is a stilbene, which prevents carcinogenesis at stages of tumor initiation, promotion and progression. In the present investigation, we developed cell cultures of wild-growing grape (Vitis amurensis Rupr.). The cultures produced low levels of resveratrol, up to 0.026% dry wt., i.e., comparable to levels reported for other plant cell cultures(More)
It has been established that transformation of Vitis amurensis callus culture with the plant oncogene rolB of Agrobacterium rhizogenes results in a high level of resveratrol production in the transformed culture. In the present report, we investigated two rolB transgenic V. amurensis cell cultures with different levels of rolB expression and resveratrol(More)
It has been suggested that the rol genes of Agrobacterium rhizogenes could play an essential role in the activation of secondary metabolite production in plant transformed cultures. This study investigated whether the content of anthraquinone phytoalexins was changed in callus cultures of Rubia cordifolia transgenic for the 35S-rolB and 35S-rolC genes in(More)
Isoflavonoids, an interesting and restricted group of secondary metabolites of legumes, exhibit estrogenic, antiangiogenic, and anticancer activities and are now popular as dietary supplements. Plant cell cultures that possess an increased ability to synthesize these metabolites were examined. During the investigation, cell cultures of the Far Eastern(More)
Callus cultures were established from the different parts of Maackia amurensis plants and analyzed for isoflavonoids. The isoflavones daidzein, retuzin, genistein and formononetin and the pterocarpans maakiain and medicarpin were found to be produced by these cultures. The content of isoflavones and pterocarpans was essentially the same in cultures derived(More)
Rosmarinic acid (RA) is one of the first secondary metabolites produced in plant cell cultures in extremely high yields, up to 19% of the cell dry weight. More complex derivatives of RA, such as rabdosiin and lithospermic acid B, later were also obtained in cell cultures at high yields. RA and its derivatives possess promising biological activities, such as(More)
Two new spinochromes, echinamines A (1) and B (2), were isolated from the sea urchin Scaphechinus mirabilis. Compounds 1 and 2 represent the first examples of natural polyhydroxynaphthazarins with a primary amine group. The structures of 1 and 2 were established by analysis of spectroscopic data and synthesis of their dimethyl ethers.
Studies were conducted with a BK-39 callus culture of Lithospermum erythrorhizon, which produced seven shikonin derivatives (acetylshikonin, propionylshikonin, isobutyrylshikonin, beta,beta-dimethylacrylshikonin, isovalerylshikonin, beta-hydroxyisovalerylshikonin and alpha-methyl-n-butyrylshikonin). A selection of cell aggregates of BK-39 culture on a(More)
Heterologous expression of a constitutively active calcium-dependent protein kinase (CDPK) gene was previously shown to increase secondary metabolite production in cultured cells of Rubia cordifolia, but the critical question of how CDPK activates secondary metabolism remains to be answered. In this article, we report that the expression of the Arabidopsis(More)
During an investigation of plant cell cultures that might be useful in the treatment of renal disorders, we established a vigorously-growing E-4 callus culture of Eritrichium sericeum that produced large amounts of caffeic acid metabolites, (-)-rabdosiin (1.8% dry wt) and rosmarinic acid (4.6% dry wt). Elicitation of the calli by methyl jasmonate induced a(More)