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It has been suggested that the rol genes of Agrobacterium rhizogenes could play an essential role in the activation of secondary metabolite production in plant transformed cultures. This study investigated whether the content of anthraquinone phytoalexins was changed in callus cultures of Rubia cordifolia transgenic for the 35S-rolB and 35S-rolC genes in(More)
The polyphenolic complex of Maackia amurensis, as well as a complex of isoflavonoids from M. amurensis callus cultures, display strong hepatoprotective effects in experimental animal and human studies. To increase the yield of polyphenols in cultures of M. amurensis, calli were transformed with the rolC gene as well as with an empty vector that was used as(More)
Echinochrome A (Ech A) is a natural pigment from sea urchins that has been reported to have antioxidant properties and a cardio protective effect against ischemia reperfusion injury. In this study, we ascertained whether Ech A enhances the mitochondrial biogenesis and oxidative phosphorylation in rat cardio myoblast H9c2 cells. To study the effects of Ech A(More)
Echinochrome A (EchA) is a dark-red pigment of the polyhydroxynaphthoquinone class isolated from sea urchin Scaphechinus mirabilis. Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors are used in the treatment of various neuromuscular disorders, and are considered as strong therapeutic agents for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Although EchA is clinically(More)
Echinochrome A (Echi A) improves mitochondrial function in the heart; however, its effects on skeletal muscle are still unclear. We hypothesized that Echi A administration during short-term exercise may improve exercise capacity. Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the following groups: control group (CG), Echi A-treated group(More)
Fucoxanthin (FX) and highly unsaturated monogalactosyldiacylglycerol (MGDG) were isolated from the ethanol extract of brown alga Fucus evanescens. Their structures were identified by nuclear magnetic resonance, complemented by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESIMS). MGDG was identified as(More)
A callus culture of the extreme halophyte seacoastal plant Mertensia maritima (Boraginaceae) was established from apical shoots of the plant using a modified Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 6-benzyladenine (0.5 mg/L) and α-naphthaleneacetic acid (2.0 mg/L). Three main compounds, (−)-R-allantoin, (+)-rabdosiin and rosmarinic acid, were isolated(More)
Young leaves of Stephania glabra (ROXB.) Miers. (Menispermaceae) were used to establish callus cultures with the goal of studying their ability to produce the valuable alkaloid stepharine. The establishment of callus cultures from this plant is extremely difficult because primary calli are not viable and must be transferred to a liquid culture medium for(More)
Maackia amurensis Rupr. et Maxim is a valuable leguminous tree grown in the Russian Far East, in China, and in Korea. Polyphenols from the heartwood of this species (primarily stilbenes and isoflavonoids) possess strong hepatoprotective activity. Callus culture of M. amurensis produced isoflavonoids and their derivatives. In pharmacological experiments, the(More)
Echinochrome A (Ech A), a marine bio-product isolated from sea urchin eggs, is known to have cardioprotective effects through its strong antioxidant and ATP-sparing capabilities. However, the effects of Ech A on cardiac excitation–contraction (E-C) are not known. In this study, we investigated the effects of Ech A on cardiac contractility and Ca2+ handling(More)