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The exosome complex plays a central and essential role in RNA metabolism. However, comprehensive studies of exosome substrates and functional analyses of its subunits are lacking. Here, we demonstrate that as opposed to yeast and metazoans the plant exosome core possesses an unanticipated functional plasticity and present a genome-wide atlas of Arabidopsis(More)
Deadenylation of mRNA is often the first and rate-limiting step in mRNA decay. PARN, a poly(A)-specific 3' --> 5' ribonuclease which is conserved in many eukaryotes, has been proposed to be primarily responsible for such a reaction, yet the importance of the PARN function at the whole-organism level has not been demonstrated in any species. Here, we show(More)
The psbD gene for the membrane polypeptide D2 has been isolated from barley chloroplast DNA and its sequence, along with the flanking regions, has been determined. The 3'-end of the psbD gene is overlapped with a 50 bp stretch of a second open reading frame which belongs to the psbC gene encoding the P6 protein of photosystem II.
A rapid and convenient method for the synthesis of deoxyribooligonucleotides has been developed using the phosphotriester approach. The advantage of this methodology for work in solution was successfully demonstrated in synthesis of a number of DNA fragments up to 32-long. Adaptation of the presented method to solid-phase synthesis allows a pentadecamer to(More)
A modified phosphotriester method has been employed for the efficient chemical synthesis of long-chain deoxyribooligonucleotides. During the course of this work, a general and rapid procedure was developed for the preparation of 24-62-mers in solution. Preparative reversed phase column chromatography on silanized silica gel was used to purify triester(More)
A chemical-enzymatic synthesis of 271- and 286-bp DNA duplexes, each of which contains the entire sequence coding for human proinsulin has been accomplished. In addition to the coding sequence, the 271-bp fragment carries translation initiation and termination signals plus EcoRI-HindIII restriction enzyme sites for insertion into an appropriate plasmid(More)