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The exosome complex plays a central and essential role in RNA metabolism. However, comprehensive studies of exosome substrates and functional analyses of its subunits are lacking. Here, we demonstrate that as opposed to yeast and metazoans the plant exosome core possesses an unanticipated functional plasticity and present a genome-wide atlas of Arabidopsis(More)
Deadenylation of mRNA is often the first and rate-limiting step in mRNA decay. PARN, a poly(A)-specific 3' --> 5' ribonuclease which is conserved in many eukaryotes, has been proposed to be primarily responsible for such a reaction, yet the importance of the PARN function at the whole-organism level has not been demonstrated in any species. Here, we show(More)
A modified phosphotriester method has been employed for the efficient chemical synthesis of long-chain deoxyribooligonucleotides. During the course of this work, a general and rapid procedure was developed for the preparation of 24-62-mers in solution. Preparative reversed phase column chromatography on silanized silica gel was used to purify triester(More)
A chemical-enzymatic synthesis of 271- and 286-bp DNA duplexes, each of which contains the entire sequence coding for human proinsulin has been accomplished. In addition to the coding sequence, the 271-bp fragment carries translation initiation and termination signals plus EcoRI-HindIII restriction enzyme sites for insertion into an appropriate plasmid(More)
A useful and efficient approach to the synthesis of DNA duplexes of practically unlimited length has been developed. The proposed methodology is based on the use of temporary restriction sites for subcloning and assembling the segments of the desired DNA. It allows the utilization of chemically synthesized oligonucleotides of various length (from 10- to(More)