Sergei V. Bykov

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UV resonance Raman (UVR) spectroscopy was used to examine the solution conformation of poly-l-lysine (PLL) and poly-l-glutamic acid (PGA) in their non-alpha-helical states. UVR measurements indicate that PLL (at pH = 2) and PGA (at pH = 9) exist mainly in a mixture of polyproline II (PPII) and a novel left-handed 2.5(1)-helical conformation, which is an(More)
We examined the 204-nm UV Raman spectra of the peptide XAO, which was previously found by Shi et al.'s NMR study to occur in aqueous solution in a polyproline II (PPII) conformation. The UV Raman spectra of XAO are essentially identical to the spectra of small peptides such as ala(5) and to the large 21-residue predominantly Ala peptide, AP. We conclude(More)
We used UV resonance Raman (UVRR) spectroscopy to quantitatively correlate the peptide bond AmIII3 frequency to its Psi Ramachandran angle and to the number and types of amide hydrogen bonds at different temperatures. This information allows us to develop a family of relationships to directly estimate the Psi Ramachandran angle from measured UVRR AmIII3(More)
We describe a state-of-the-art tunable ultraviolet (UV) Raman spectrometer for the 193-270 nm spectral region. This instrument allows for steady-state and transient UV Raman measurements. We utilize a 5 kHz Ti-sapphire continuously tunable laser (approximately 20 ns pulse width) between 193 nm and 240 nm for steady-state measurements. For transient Raman(More)
Polyglycine (polygly) is an important model system for understanding the structural preferences of unfolded polypeptides in solution. We utilized UV resonance and visible Raman spectroscopy to investigate the conformational preferences of polygly peptides of different lengths in water containing LiCl and LiClO(4). Lithium salts increase the solubility of(More)
We used UV resonance Raman (UVRR) to examine the spatial dependence of the T-jump secondary structure relaxation of an isotopically labeled 21-residue mainly Ala peptide, AdP. The AdP penultimate Ala residues were perdeuterated, leaving the central residues hydrogenated, to allow separate monitoring of melting of the middle versus the end peptide bonds. For(More)
UV resonance Raman (UVR) spectroscopy was used to examine the solution conformation of poly-L-lysine (PLL) and poly-L-glutamic acid (PGA) in their non-R-helical states. UVR measurements indicate that PLL (at pH ) 2) and PGA (at pH ) 9) exist mainly in a mixture of polyproline II (PPII) and a novel left-handed 2.51-helical conformation, which is an extended(More)
Adenylyl cyclase (AC) is a prototypical cell-signaling molecule expressed in virtually all organisms from bacteria to man. While C1b, a poorly conserved region within mammalian AC, has been implicated in numerous isoform-specific regulatory properties, no one has purified the C1b region as a functional protein to homogeneity in order to study its role in(More)
We report here the first fabrication of aluminum film-over nanosphere (AlFON) substrates for UV surface-enhanced resonance Raman scattering (UVSERRS) at the deepest UV wavelength used to date (λex = 229 nm). We characterize the AlFONs fabricated with two different support microsphere sizes using localized surface plasmon resonance spectroscopy, electron(More)
Ultraviolet resonance Raman spectroscopy (UVRR) is being developed for standoff trace explosives detection. To accomplish this, it is important to develop a deep understanding of the accompanying UV excited photochemistry of explosives, as well as the impact of reactions on the resulting photoproducts. In the work here we used 229 nm excited UVRR(More)