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The Condon approximation is widely applied in molecular and condensed matter spectroscopy and states that electronic transition dipoles are independent of nuclear positions. This approximation is related to the Franck-Condon principle, which in its simplest form holds that electronic transitions are instantaneous on the time scale of nuclear motion. The(More)
We have studied the optical transition energies of single-wall carbon nanotubes over broad diameter (0.7-2.3 nm) and energy (1.26-2.71 eV) ranges, using their radial breathing mode Raman spectra. We establish the diameter and chiral angle dependence of the poorly studied third and fourth optical transitions in semiconducting tubes. Comparative analysis(More)
State-of-the-art photovoltaics use high-purity, large-area, wafer-scale single-crystalline semiconductors grown by sophisticated, high-temperature crystal growth processes. We demonstrate a solution-based hot-casting technique to grow continuous, pinhole-free thin films of organometallic perovskites with millimeter-scale crystalline grains. We fabricated(More)
Cycloparaphenylenes, the simplest structural unit of armchair carbon nanotubes, have unique optoelectronic properties counterintuitive in the class of conjugated organic materials. Our time-dependent density functional theory study and excited state dynamics simulations of cycloparaphenylene chromophores provide a simple and conceptually appealing physical(More)
To design functional photoactive materials for a variety of technological applications, researchers need to understand their electronic properties in detail and have ways to control their photoinduced pathways. When excited by photons of light, organic conjugated materials (OCMs) show dynamics that are often characterized by large nonadiabatic (NA)(More)
Nonadiabatic molecular dynamics simulations, involving multiple Born-Oppenheimer potential energy surfaces, often require a large number of independent trajectories in order to achieve the desired convergence of the results, and simulation relies on different parameters that should be tested and compared. In addition to influencing the speed of the(More)
It is known that the adiabatic approximation in time-dependent density functional theory usually provides a good description of low-lying excitations of molecules. In the present work, the capability of the adiabatic nonempirical meta-generalized gradient approximation (meta-GGA) of Tao, Perdew, Staroverov, and Scuseria (TPSS) to describe atomic and(More)
The nonadiabatic excited-state molecular dynamics (NA-ESMD) method and excited-state instantaneous normal modes (ES-INMs) analyses have been applied to describe the state-specific vibrations that participate in the unidirectional energy transfer between the coupled chromophores in a branched dendrimeric molecule. Our molecule is composed of two-, three-,(More)
Excited-state nonadiabatic molecular dynamics is used to study energy transfer in dendrimer building blocks, between two-, three-, and four-ring linear polyphenylene ethynylene units linked by meta-substitutions. Upon excita-tion, dendrimers with these building blocks have been shown to undergo highly efficient and unidirectional energy transfer. The(More)