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Apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) plays an important role in remodeling of vessel walls, one of the major determinants of long-term blood pressure elevation and an independent risk factor for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Recently, we have found that apoptosis in cultured VSMCs can be inhibited by inversion of the intracellular(More)
In this study, we examined the effect of Na(+)-K(+) pump inhibition on the expression of early response genes in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) as possible intermediates of the massive RNA synthesis and protection against apoptosis seen in ouabain-treated VSMC in our previous experiments. Incubation of VSMC with ouabain resulted in rapid induction of(More)
To accommodate expanding volume (V) during hyposmotic swelling, animal cells change their shape and increase surface area (SA) by drawing extra membrane from surface and intracellular reserves. The relative contributions of these processes, sources and extent of membrane reserves are not well defined. In this study, the SA and V of single substrate-attached(More)
Long term elevation of the intracellular Na+/K+ ratio inhibits macromolecule synthesis and proliferation in the majority of cell types studied so far, including vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). We report here that inhibition of the Na+,K+ pump in VSMC by ouabain or a 1-h preincubation in K+-depleted medium attenuated apoptosis triggered by serum(More)
This review updates our current knowledge on the regulation of Na+/H+ exchanger, Na+,K+,Cl- cotransporter, Na+,Pi cotransporter, and Na+,K+ pump in isolated epithelial cells from mammalian kidney by protein kinase C (PKC). In cells derived from different tubule segments, an activator of PKC, 4beta-phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), inhibits apical(More)
Both Na+/Li+ countertransport and electrochemical proton gradient (delta mu(H+))-induced Na+ and H+ fluxes are increased in erythrocytes from patients with essential hypertension. It was assumed that these abnormalities are related to ubiquitous (housekeeping) forms of the Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE-1). To examine this hypothesis, we compared kinetic and(More)
Using a highly effective chelator of Ca2+ and 45Ca, the concentration of Cai2+ in human and rat erythrocytes was measured both at normal and accelerated Ca2+ influx into the cells. No effect of the calmodulin-dependent reaction inhibitor R24571 was observed. The Ca-ATPase from saponin-treated erythrocytes was characterized by a high affinity for Ca2+ (K(More)
Tissue hypoxia, which plays a key role in the development of renal and vascular complications of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), might be considered a consequence of vascular remodeling and/or attenuated oxygen (O(2)) delivery by erythrocytes. Using Raman spectroscopy (RS), we observed that erythrocytes from patients with CVD exhibit changes in the(More)
Changes in protoporphyrin conformation, partial pressures of O2 and CO2, and the mechanisms responsible for regulation of pCa and pH in erythrocytes were studied in essential hypertension (EH). Changes in protoporphyrin conformation in EH were accompanied by a decrease in the partial pressure of O2 and an increase in the partial pressure of CO2. This was(More)
Certain manifestations of alterations of membrane cytoskeleton, protein kinase C activity, and ion transport were revealed in erythrocytes of patients with essential hypertension: 1) the average volume of erythrocytes is reduced by 4%; 2) about 7% of the total number of erythrocytes is represented by cup-shaped forms compared with 1.5 to 3.0% in the control(More)