Learn More
At early stages of brain development, GABA plays a dual role. It fulfills important trophic functions and provides a major excitatory drive for the immature neuronal network. Here, we investigated whether GABA itself can limit the strength of excitatory GABAergic synapses on Cajal-Retzius (CR) cells in sagittal slices from the mouse visual cortex.(More)
Postsynaptic responses to stereotyped activation of single axons are known to fluctuate, but the origin of synaptic variability in the vertebrate central nervous system is still unclear. To test the hypothesis that fluctuations of inhibitory postsynaptic currents reflect variations in presynaptic Ca2+ concentration, we examined single GABAergic axodendritic(More)
At the earliest developmental stages, sensory neocortical areas in various species reveal distinct patterns of spontaneous neuronal network activity. These activity patterns either propagate over large neocortical areas or synchronize local neuronal ensembles. In vitro and in vivo experiments indicate that these spontaneous activity patterns are generated(More)
An increasing number of epilepsy patients are afflicted with drug-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and require alternative therapeutic approaches. High-affinity glycine receptors (haGlyRs) are functionally adapted to tonic inhibition due to their response to hippocampal ambient glycine, and their synthesis is activity-dependent. Therefore, in our(More)
Mechanisms of cytoplasmic calcium homeostasis were investigated in peripheral and central neurones isolated from neonatal, adult and old Wistar rats and in granule neurones in acutely prepared cerebellar slices of adult and old CBA mice. The cytoplasmic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) was measured by either indo-1-or fura-2-based microfluorimetry. The(More)
Neurotransmitter release in response to a single action potential has a precise time course. A significant fraction of the releasable vesicles is exocytosed synchronously, within a few milliseconds after the arrival of an action potential. If repeatedly activated, stimulus-locked phasic synchronous release declines, but synaptic transmission can be(More)
GABAergic medium-sized striatal output neurons (SONs) provide the principal output for the neostriatum. In vitro and in vivo data indicate that spike discharge of SONs is tightly controlled by effective synaptic inhibition. Although phasic GABAergic transmission critically depends on ambient GABA levels, the role of GABA transporters (GATs) in neostriatal(More)
Most central neurons contact their dendritic targets at several sites. However, it is not known whether all synapses formed by a single parent axon make the same contribution to the postsynaptic response. In order to answer this question it is necessary to isolate the synaptic currents generated by individual axon terminals. This paper describes a method(More)
Astroglial excitability is largely mediated by fluctuations in intracellular ion concentrations. In addition to generally acknowledged Ca²⁺ excitability of astroglia, recent studies have demonstrated that neuronal activity triggers transient increases in the cytosolic Na⁺ concentration ([Na⁺](i)) in perisynaptic astrocytes. These [Na⁺](i) transients are(More)
ATP receptor mediated Ca2+ signaling was recorded from Bergmann glial cells in cerebellar slices obtained from mice of different ages (postnatal days 6 to 45). To measure the cytoplasmic concentration of Ca2+ ([Ca2+]in), either individual cells were loaded with the Ca(2+)-sensitive probes using the whole cell patch clamp technique or slices were incubated(More)