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In cardiac muscle, excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling is determined by the ability of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) to store and release Ca(2+). It has been hypothesized that the Ca(2+) sequestration and release mechanisms might be functionally linked to optimize the E-C coupling process. To explore the relationships between the loading status of the(More)
Despite extensive research, the mechanisms responsible for the graded nature and early termination of Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in cardiac muscle remain poorly understood. Suggested mechanisms include cytosolic Ca2+-dependent inactivation/adaptation and luminal Ca2+-dependent deactivation of the SR Ca2+ release(More)
The amount of Ca2+ released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is a principal determinant of cardiac contractility. Normally, the SR Ca2+ stores are mobilized through the mechanism of Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR). In this process, Ca2+ enters the cell through plasmalemmal voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels to activate the Ca2+ release channels in the SR(More)
Diminished Ca release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is an important contributor to the impaired contractility of the failing heart. Despite extensive effort, the underlying causes of abnormal SR Ca release in heart failure (HF) remain unknown. We used a combination of simultaneous imaging of cytosolic and SR intraluminal [Ca] in isolated(More)
Triadin 1 (TRD) is an integral membrane protein that associates with the ryanodine receptor (RyR2), calsequestrin (CASQ2) and junctin to form a macromolecular Ca signaling complex in the cardiac junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). To define the functional role of TRD, we examined the effects of adenoviral-mediated overexpression of the wild-type protein(More)
Late Na(+) current (I(NaL)) and Ca(2+)/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) are both increased in the diseased heart. Recently, CaMKII was found to phosphorylate the Na(+) channel 1.5 (Na(v)1.5), resulting in enhanced I(NaL). Conversely, an increase of I(NaL) would be expected to cause elevation of intracellular Ca(2+) and activation of CaMKII.(More)
Calsequestrin is a high-capacity Ca-binding protein expressed inside the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), an intracellular Ca release and storage organelle in muscle. Mutations in the cardiac calsequestrin gene (CSQ2) have been linked to arrhythmias and sudden death. We have used Ca-imaging and patch-clamp methods in combination with adenoviral gene transfer(More)
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a familial arrhythmogenic disorder associated with mutations in the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) and cardiac calsequestrin (CASQ2) genes. Previous in vitro studies suggested that RyR2 and CASQ2 interact as parts of a multimolecular Ca(2+)-signaling complex; however, direct evidence for(More)
Activity of cardiac pacemaker cells is caused by a balanced interplay of ion channels. However, it is not known how the rhythmic beating is initiated during early stages of cardiomyogenesis, when the expression of ion channels is still incomplete. Based on the observation that early-stage embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes continuously contracted in(More)
In contrast to terminally differentiated cardiomyocytes, relatively little is known about the characteristics of mammalian cardiac cells before the initiation of spontaneous contractions (precursor cells). Functional studies on these cells have so far been impossible because murine embryos of the corresponding stage are very small, and cardiac precursor(More)