Serge Viatchenko-Karpinski

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In cardiac muscle, excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling is determined by the ability of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) to store and release Ca(2+). It has been hypothesized that the Ca(2+) sequestration and release mechanisms might be functionally linked to optimize the E-C coupling process. To explore the relationships between the loading status of the(More)
Calsequestrin is a high-capacity Ca-binding protein expressed inside the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), an intracellular Ca release and storage organelle in muscle. Mutations in the cardiac calsequestrin gene (CSQ2) have been linked to arrhythmias and sudden death. We have used Ca-imaging and patch-clamp methods in combination with adenoviral gene transfer(More)
Activity of cardiac pacemaker cells is caused by a balanced interplay of ion channels. However, it is not known how the rhythmic beating is initiated during early stages of cardiomyogenesis, when the expression of ion channels is still incomplete. Based on the observation that early-stage embryonic stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes continuously contracted in(More)
The amount of Ca2+ released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is a principal determinant of cardiac contractility. Normally, the SR Ca2+ stores are mobilized through the mechanism of Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR). In this process, Ca2+ enters the cell through plasmalemmal voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels to activate the Ca2+ release channels in the SR(More)
Despite extensive research, the mechanisms responsible for the graded nature and early termination of Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in cardiac muscle remain poorly understood. Suggested mechanisms include cytosolic Ca2+-dependent inactivation/adaptation and luminal Ca2+-dependent deactivation of the SR Ca2+ release(More)
Triadin 1 (TRD) is an integral membrane protein that associates with the ryanodine receptor (RyR2), calsequestrin (CASQ2) and junctin to form a macromolecular Ca signaling complex in the cardiac junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). To define the functional role of TRD, we examined the effects of adenoviral-mediated overexpression of the wild-type protein(More)
In contrast to terminally differentiated cardiomyocytes, relatively little is known about the characteristics of mammalian cardiac cells before the initiation of spontaneous contractions (precursor cells). Functional studies on these cells have so far been impossible because murine embryos of the corresponding stage are very small, and cardiac precursor(More)
Isolated diastolic dysfunction is found in almost half of asymptomatic patients with well-controlled diabetes and may precede diastolic heart failure. However, mechanisms that underlie diastolic dysfunction during diabetes are not well understood. We tested the hypothesis that isolated diastolic dysfunction is associated with impaired myocardial Ca(2+)(More)
OBJECTIVE A naturally-occurring mutation in cardiac calsequestrin (CASQ2) at amino acid 307 was discovered in a highly inbred family and hypothesized to cause Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia (CPVT). The goal of this study was to establish a causal link between CASQ2(D307H) and the CPVT phenotype using an in vivo model. METHODS AND(More)
Parasympathetic slowing of the heart rate is predominantly mediated by acetylcholine-dependent activation of the G protein-gated potassium (K+) channel (IK,ACh). This channel is composed of 2 inward-rectifier K+ (Kir) channel subunits, Kir3.1 and Kir3.4, that display distinct functional properties. Here we show that subunit composition of IK,ACh changes(More)