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Despite extensive research, the mechanisms responsible for the graded nature and early termination of Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR) from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) in cardiac muscle remain poorly understood. Suggested mechanisms include cytosolic Ca2+-dependent inactivation/adaptation and luminal Ca2+-dependent deactivation of the SR Ca2+ release(More)
In cardiac muscle, excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling is determined by the ability of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) to store and release Ca(2+). It has been hypothesized that the Ca(2+) sequestration and release mechanisms might be functionally linked to optimize the E-C coupling process. To explore the relationships between the loading status of the(More)
The amount of Ca2+ released from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is a principal determinant of cardiac contractility. Normally, the SR Ca2+ stores are mobilized through the mechanism of Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release (CICR). In this process, Ca2+ enters the cell through plasmalemmal voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels to activate the Ca2+ release channels in the SR(More)
Diminished Ca release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is an important contributor to the impaired contractility of the failing heart. Despite extensive effort, the underlying causes of abnormal SR Ca release in heart failure (HF) remain unknown. We used a combination of simultaneous imaging of cytosolic and SR intraluminal [Ca] in isolated(More)
Triadin 1 (TRD) is an integral membrane protein that associates with the ryanodine receptor (RyR2), calsequestrin (CASQ2) and junctin to form a macromolecular Ca signaling complex in the cardiac junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). To define the functional role of TRD, we examined the effects of adenoviral-mediated overexpression of the wild-type protein(More)
Calsequestrin is a high-capacity Ca-binding protein expressed inside the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), an intracellular Ca release and storage organelle in muscle. Mutations in the cardiac calsequestrin gene (CSQ2) have been linked to arrhythmias and sudden death. We have used Ca-imaging and patch-clamp methods in combination with adenoviral gene transfer(More)
Catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT) is a familial arrhythmogenic disorder associated with mutations in the cardiac ryanodine receptor (RyR2) and cardiac calsequestrin (CASQ2) genes. Previous in vitro studies suggested that RyR2 and CASQ2 interact as parts of a multimolecular Ca(2+)-signaling complex; however, direct evidence for(More)
In contrast to terminally differentiated cardiomyocytes, relatively little is known about the characteristics of mammalian cardiac cells before the initiation of spontaneous contractions (precursor cells). Functional studies on these cells have so far been impossible because murine embryos of the corresponding stage are very small, and cardiac precursor(More)
Isolated diastolic dysfunction is found in almost half of asymptomatic patients with well-controlled diabetes and may precede diastolic heart failure. However, mechanisms that underlie diastolic dysfunction during diabetes are not well understood. We tested the hypothesis that isolated diastolic dysfunction is associated with impaired myocardial Ca(2+)(More)
Mutations in human cardiac calsequestrin (CASQ2), a high-capacity calcium-binding protein located in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), have recently been linked to effort-induced ventricular arrhythmia and sudden death (catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia). However, the precise mechanisms through which these mutations affect SR function and(More)