Serge Viatchenko-Karpinski

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Mutations in human cardiac calsequestrin (CASQ2), a high-capacity calcium-binding protein located in the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR), have recently been linked to effort-induced ventricular arrhythmia and sudden death (catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia). However, the precise mechanisms through which these mutations affect SR function and(More)
BACKGROUND Four distinct mutations in the human cardiac calsequestrin gene (CASQ2) have been linked to catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT). The mechanisms leading to the clinical phenotype are still poorly understood because only 1 CASQ2 mutation has been characterized in vitro. METHODS AND RESULTS We identified a homozygous 16-bp(More)
1. To define the sub-cellular mechanisms of modulation of cardiac excitation-contraction (E-C) coupling by the beta-adrenergic pathway, we carried out confocal Ca(2+) imaging in conjunction with recordings of inward Ca(2+) current in fluo-3-loaded patch-clamped rat ventricular myocytes. 2. Isoproterenol (isoprenaline; ISO) increased the amplitude of the(More)
Triadin 1 (TRD) is an integral membrane protein that associates with the ryanodine receptor (RyR2), calsequestrin (CASQ2) and junctin to form a macromolecular Ca signaling complex in the cardiac junctional sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR). To define the functional role of TRD, we examined the effects of adenoviral-mediated overexpression of the wild-type protein(More)
Isolated diastolic dysfunction is found in almost half of asymptomatic patients with well-controlled diabetes and may precede diastolic heart failure. However, mechanisms that underlie diastolic dysfunction during diabetes are not well understood. We tested the hypothesis that isolated diastolic dysfunction is associated with impaired myocardial Ca(2+)(More)
AIMS Although cardiac alternans is a known predictor of lethal arrhythmias, its underlying causes remain largely undefined in disease settings. The potential role of, and mechanisms responsible for, beat-to-beat alternations in the amplitude of systolic Ca(2+) transients (Ca(2+) alternans) was investigated in a canine post-myocardial infarction (MI) model(More)
OBJECTIVE A naturally-occurring mutation in cardiac calsequestrin (CASQ2) at amino acid 307 was discovered in a highly inbred family and hypothesized to cause Catecholaminergic Polymorphic Ventricular Tachycardia (CPVT). The goal of this study was to establish a causal link between CASQ2(D307H) and the CPVT phenotype using an in vivo model. METHODS AND(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide (O(2) (-)) are important cardiac signaling molecules that regulate myocyte contraction. For appropriate regulation, NO and O(2) (.-) must exist at defined levels. Unfortunately, the NO and O(2) (.-) levels are altered in many cardiomyopathies (heart failure, ischemia, hypertrophy, etc.) leading to contractile dysfunction and(More)
Mechanisms of impaired calcium handling underlying subclinical diastolic dysfunction in diabetes. diastolic dysfunction is found in almost half of asymptomatic patients with well-controlled diabetes and may precede diastolic heart failure. However, mechanisms that underlie diastolic dysfunction during diabetes are not well understood. We tested the(More)
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