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N-([(R,S)-2-benzyl-3[(S)(2-amino-4-methylthio)butyl dithio]-1-oxopropyl)-L-phenylalanine benzyl ester (RB101) is the first systemically active prodrug generating through a biologically dependent cleavage of the disulfide bond the potent (S)2-amino-1-mercapto-4-methylthio butane (aminopeptidase N) (IC50 = 11 nM) and(More)
RB 101 (N-((R,S)-2-benzyl-3[(S)(2-amino-4-methylthio)butyldithio]-1-oxopr opyl)-L-phenylalanine benzyl ester) is a full inhibitor of the enkephalin-catabolizing enzymes, which induces strong naloxone-reversible antinociceptive responses after i.v. or i.p. administration, but is only slightly active after oral administration. Chemical modifications were(More)
The potent analgesic responses elicited by systemic administration of RB101, N-[(R,S)-2-benzyl-3[(S)(2-amino-4-methylthio)butyldithio]-1-oxopro pyl]- 1-oxopropyl]-L-phenylalanine benzyl ester, a prodrug able to inhibit enkephalin-degrading enzymes completely after in vivo bioactivation, has made it possible to investigate the development of antinociceptive(More)
RB101 (N-((R,S)-2-benzyl-3[(S)(2-amino-4-methylthio)butyl dithio]-1-ox-opropyl)-L-phenylalanine benzyl ester) is a recently developed full inhibitor of the enkephalin-catabolizing enzymes able to cross the blood-brain barrier, whereas RB38A ((R)-3-(N-hydroxycarboxamido-2-benzylpropanoyl)-L-phenylalanine) is as potent as RB101 but almost unable to enter the(More)
Botulinum neurotoxins are the most potent toxins known to date. They are zinc-metalloproteases able to cleave selectively an essential component of neurotransmitter exocytosis, causing the syndrome of botulism characterized by a flaccid paralysis. There is a great interest in designing antagonists of the action of these toxins. One way is to inhibit their(More)
A recently developed series of highly selective and systemically active delta-agonists such as Tyr-X-Gly-Phe-Leu-Thr(OtBu), with X = D.Ser (OtBu) in BUBU and X = D.Cys(StBu) in BUBUC, and complete inhibitors of enkephalin metabolism (Kelatorphan, RB 38 A, PC 12) have enabled the major role played by mu-opioid receptors in supraspinal analgesia to be(More)
The role of endogenous enkephalins in behavioural control in mice was investigated by i.v. injection of RB 101 (N-[(R,S)-2-benzyl-3[(S)(2-amino-4- methylthio)butyl dithio]-1-oxopropyl]-L-phenylalanine benzyl ester). RB 101 is a recently reported systemically active mixed inhibitor prodrug of the two enzymes which metabolize the enkephalins neutral(More)
In order to evaluate the possible advantages of potentiating the effects of the endogenous enkephalins, to obtain analgesia without the serious drawbacks of morphine, it was essential to design systemically active compounds which inhibit the two metabolizing enzymes, aminopeptidase N (APN) and neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP). A new concept combining the(More)
The HIV-1 auxiliary protein Vpr and Vpr-fusion proteins can be copackaged with Gag precursor (Pr55Gag) into virions or membrane-enveloped virus-like particles (VLP). Taking advantage of this property, we developed a simple and sensitive method to evaluate potential inhibitors of HIV-1 assembly in a living cell system. Two proteins were coexpressed in(More)