Serge Turcaud

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In order to evaluate the possible advantages of potentiating the effects of the endogenous enkephalins, to obtain analgesia without the serious drawbacks of morphine, it was essential to design systemically active compounds which inhibit the two metabolizing enzymes, aminopeptidase N (APN) and neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (NEP). A new concept combining the(More)
The role of endogenous enkephalins in behavioural control in mice was investigated by i.v. injection of RB 101 (N-[(R,S)-2-benzyl-3[(S)(2-amino-4- methylthio)butyl dithio]-1-oxopropyl]-L-phenylalanine benzyl ester). RB 101 is a recently reported systemically active mixed inhibitor prodrug of the two enzymes which metabolize the enkephalins neutral(More)
N-([(R,S)-2-benzyl-3[(S)(2-amino-4-methylthio)butyl dithio]-1-oxopropyl)-L-phenylalanine benzyl ester (RB101) is the first systemically active prodrug generating through a biologically dependent cleavage of the disulfide bond the potent (S)2-amino-1-mercapto-4-methylthio butane (aminopeptidase N) (IC50 = 11 nM) and(More)
In the treatment of cardiovascular disease, it could be of therapeutic interest to associate the hypotensive effects due to the inhibition of angiotensin II formation with the diuretic and natriuretic responses induced by the protection of the endogenous atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP). Investigation of this hypothesis requires an orally active compound(More)
The potent analgesic responses elicited by systemic administration of RB101, N-[(R,S)-2-benzyl-3[(S)(2-amino-4-methylthio)butyldithio]-1-oxopro pyl]- 1-oxopropyl]-L-phenylalanine benzyl ester, a prodrug able to inhibit enkephalin-degrading enzymes completely after in vivo bioactivation, has made it possible to investigate the development of antinociceptive(More)
RB101 (N-((R,S)-2-benzyl-3[(S)(2-amino-4-methylthio)butyl dithio]-1-ox-opropyl)-L-phenylalanine benzyl ester) is a recently developed full inhibitor of the enkephalin-catabolizing enzymes able to cross the blood-brain barrier, whereas RB38A ((R)-3-(N-hydroxycarboxamido-2-benzylpropanoyl)-L-phenylalanine) is as potent as RB101 but almost unable to enter the(More)
Systemic administration of RB 101, a complete inhibitor of the enkephalin degrading enzymes, has been reported to induce naltrindole-reversed anti-depressant-like effects in the conditioned suppression of motility (CSM) test in mice. The selective CCKB antagonist L-365,260 also elicits the same naltrindole-blocked responses on CSM. The aim of this study was(More)
RB 101 (N-((R,S)-2-benzyl-3[(S)(2-amino-4-methylthio)butyldithio]-1-oxopr opyl)-L-phenylalanine benzyl ester) is a full inhibitor of the enkephalin-catabolizing enzymes, which induces strong naloxone-reversible antinociceptive responses after i.v. or i.p. administration, but is only slightly active after oral administration. Chemical modifications were(More)
Neutral endopeptidase 24.11 (EC inactivates atrial natriuretic peptide by cleaving the hormone between Cys7 and Phe8, and inhibitors of the enzyme have consequent natriuretic and diuretic properties. The in vivo sites of degradation of this peptide by the zinc-metallopeptidase, however, remain to be established. Because an(More)
Bevirimat (2), the first-in-class HIV-1 maturation inhibitor, shows a low efficacy due essentially to the natural polymorphism of its target, the CA-SP1 junction. Moreover, its low hydrosolubility makes it difficult to study its interaction with the CA-SP1 junction. We have synthesized new derivatives of bevirimat by adding different hydrophilic(More)