Serge Meimon

Learn More
We propose the linearized focal-plane technique (LIFT) and compare it to classical sensors, such as the quad-cell wavefront sensor (WFS), pyramid WFS, and Shack-Hartmann WFS. The number of modes sensed by LIFT can be tuned without any hardware modification nor degradation of low-order sensing performance. We derive an analytic model of the noise propagation(More)
Current optical interferometers are affected by unknown turbulent phases on each telescope. We account for this lack of phase information by introducing system aberration parameters, and we solve the image reconstruction problem by minimizing an original joint criterion in the aberrations and in the object. We validate this method by means of simulations.(More)
The SPHERE (Spectro-Polarimetry High-contrast Exoplanet Research) instrument is an ESO project aiming at the direct detection of extra-solar planets. It will equip one of the four VLT 8-m telescopes in 2011. The heart of the SPHERE instrument is its eXtrem Adaptive Optics (XAO) SAXO (SPHERE AO for eXoplanet Observation) subsystem which aims at correcting(More)
Exoplanet direct imaging with large ground based telescopes requires eXtreme Adaptive Optics that couples high-order adaptive optics and coronagraphy. A key element of such systems is the high-order wavefront sensor. We study here several high-order wavefront sensing approaches, and more precisely compare their sensitivity to noise. Three techniques are(More)
Current optical interferometers are affected by unknown turbulent phases on each telescope. In the field of radio interferometry, the self-calibration technique is a powerful tool to process interferometric data with missing phase information. This paper intends to revisit the application of self-calibration to optical long-baseline interferometry (OLBI).(More)
Current optical interferometers are affected by unknown turbulent phases on each telescope. In the field of radio-interferometry, the self-calibration technique is a powerful tool to process interferometric data with missing phase information. This paper intends to revisit the application of self-calibration to Optical Long Baseline Interferometry (OLBI ).(More)
Adaptive optics provides real time correction of wavefront disturbances on ground based telescopes. Optimizing control and performance is a key issue for ever more demanding instruments on ever larger telescopes affected not only by atmospheric turbulence, but also by vibrations, windshake and tracking errors. Linear Quadratic Gaussian control achieves(More)
We propose here a novel way to analyze Shack-Hartmann wavefront sensor images in order to retrieve more modes than the two centroid coordinates per sub-aperture. To do so, we use the linearized focal-plane technique (LIFT) phase retrieval method for each sub-aperture. We demonstrate that we can increase the number of modes sensed with the same computational(More)
Laser Tomographic and Multi-Conjugate Adaptive Optics systems rely on natural guide stars to sense low order aberrations (tip/tilt and focus). LIFT is a novel focal plane wavefront sensor (WFS), performing a maximum likelihood phase retrieval on a single image, with better sensitivity than a 2 × 2 Hartmann-Shack WFS. Its performance for the estimation of(More)
The accurate calibration of the interaction matrix affects the performance of an adaptive optics system. In the case of high-order systems, when the number of mirror modes is worth a few thousands, the calibration strategy is critical to reach the maximum interaction matrix quality in the minimum time. This is all the more true for the future European(More)