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OBJECT Recent studies in rats have demonstrated that statins may have an inhibitory effect on intracranial aneurysm (IA) development. The purpose of this study was to assess whether long-term statin use is associated with a reduced risk of IA formation in humans. METHODS This was a single-center case-control study that included consecutive patients(More)
OBJECT Animal models provide a basis for clarifying the complex pathogenesis of delayed cerebral vasospasm (DCVS) and for screening of potential therapeutic approaches. Arbitrary use of experimental parameters in current models can lead to results of uncertain relevance. The aim of this work was to identify and analyze the most consistent and feasible(More)
INTRODUCTION Pathophysiological disturbances during subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and within the first few days thereafter are responsible for significant brain damage. Early brain injury (EBI) after SAH has become the focus of current research activities. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether a novel rabbit SAH model provokes EBI by(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown the individual benefits of 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) and intraoperative (i)MRI in enhancing survival for patients with high-grade glioma. In this retrospective study, we compare rates of progression-free and overall survival between patients who underwent surgical resection with the combination of 5-ALA and iMRI(More)
BACKGROUND Profound evidence substantiates significantly reduced risk of catheter-related infections with prophylactic use of rifampin- and clindamycin-impregnated silicone catheters (Bactiseal(®), Codman Johnson & Johnson, Raynham, MA, USA) for external ventricular drainage (EVD). However, whether Bactiseal(®)-EVD (B-EVD) influences the treatment of(More)
BACKGROUND Delayed cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a major cause of high morbidity and mortality. The reduced availability of nitric oxide (NO) in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is well established as a key mechanism of vasospasm. Systemic administration of glyceryl trinitrate (GTN), an NO donor also known as(More)
BACKGROUND The role of endothelin-1 (ET-1) and nitric oxide (NO) as two important mediators in the development of cerebral vasospasm (CVS) after subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is controversial. The objective of this study was to determine whether local levels of ET-1 and NO in cerebral arterial plasma and/or in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) are associated with(More)
Aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) is a disease with devastating complications that leads to stroke, permanent neurological deficits and death. Clinical and ex-perimental work has demonstrated the importance of the contribution of delayed cerebral vasospasm (DCVS) indepen-dent early events to mortality, morbidity and functional out-come after SAH. In(More)
BACKGROUND More than half of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) patients develop angiographically detectable delayed cerebral vasospasm (dCVS). It mostly occurs between days 4 and 15 after ictus and can be associated with neurological deficits that contribute to increased morbidity and mortality after SAH. Although dCVS is well studied, there are only a handful(More)
Despite the increased use of intracranial neuromonitoring during experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), coordinates for probe placement in rabbits are lacking. This study evaluates the safety and reliability of using outer skull landmarks to identify locations for placement of cerebral blood flow (CBF) and intraparenchymal intracranial pressure (ICP)(More)