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The mitochondrial F1-ATPase β subunit (ATPase-β) of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia is nucleus-encoded as a precursor containing an NH2-terminal extension. By sequencing the mature N. tabacum ATPase-β, we determined the length of the presequence, viz. 54 residues. To define the essential regions of this presequence, we produced a series of 3′ deletions in the(More)
Protein targeting to plant mitochondria and chloroplasts is usually very specific and involves targeting sequences located at the amino terminus of the precursor. We challenged the system by using combinations of mitochondrial and chloroplast targeting sequences attached to reporter genes. The sequences coding for the presequence of the mitochondrial(More)
Serological tests offer a potentially powerful tool for monitoring parasites in wildlife populations. However, such tests must be validated before using them with target wildlife populations. We evaluated in coyotes (Canis latrans) the performance of a commercially available serological test used to detect canine heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis) in domestic(More)
The objective of our study was to evaluate 2 pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG)-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) for use with either blood or milk. From 12 dairy farms, 116 Montbéliarde or Holstein cows were selected that had either undergone artificial insemination (AI; n = 102) or had calved (n = 14) 2-3 months earlier and had not(More)
NADH:ubiquinone reductase (EC, or complex I, was isolated from broad bean (Vicia faba L.) mitochondria. Osmotic shock and sequential treatment with 0.2% (v/v) Triton X-100 and 0.5% (w/v) [3-~holamidopropyl)dimethylammonio]-l -propanesulfate (CHAPS) removed all other NADH dehydrogenase activities. Complex I was solubilized in the presence of 4%(More)
Control/eradication plans of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV1) and suid herpesvirus 1 (SHV1) infections involve vaccination with inactivated or attenuated gE-deleted marker vaccines and associated companion serological tests to discriminate naturally infected from vaccinated animals. Blocking or competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) have been(More)
A phage-displayed peptide library was screened using four mAbs directed against bovine herpesvirus 1 (BoHV-1) gE glycoprotein to identify peptides mimicking this glycoprotein. The selected mimotopes allowed us to characterize the epitopes corresponding to the mAbs as continuous and proteinic and to consider using these peptides in further studies. One(More)
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