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A key cellular response to DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) is 5'-to-3' DSB resection by nucleases to generate regions of ssDNA that then trigger cell cycle checkpoint signaling and DSB repair by homologous recombination (HR). Here, we reveal that in the absence of exonuclease Exo1 activity, deletion or mutation of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae RecQ-family… (More)
DNA double-strand break (DSB) signaling and repair are critical for cell viability, and rely on highly coordinated pathways whose molecular organization is still incompletely understood. Here, we show that heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoprotein U-like (hnRNPUL) proteins 1 and 2 play key roles in cellular responses to DSBs. We identify human hnRNPUL1 and -2… (More)
The budding yeast proteins Dma1 and Dma2 are members of the unique FHA-RING domain protein family and are linked to mitotic regulation and septin organization by ill-defined mechanisms. We show that Dma2 has ubiquitin ligase activity, and that septins Shs1 and Cdc11 are likely direct in vivo targets. We further propose that human RNF8, rather than Chfr, is… (More)
increasing evidence for the role of histone-modifying enzymes on non-histone substrates, including those in the cytoplasm, has been emerging in recent years. some chromatin-modifying proteins, such as the histone methyl transferase eZH2, compartmentalize to both the nucleus and cytoplasm, whereby eZH2 can methylate histones and actin, respectively. 1… (More)
In the September 26 issue of Science, McMurray and Gottschling (2003) report that aged yeast cells display high rates of loss of heterozygosity. Furthermore, they show that this reflects an impaired ability to correctly detect and repair DNA double-strand breaks. These results provide insights into how aging can engender genomic instability in eukaryotic… (More)
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