Serge Georges Rosolen

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Taurine is the most abundant amino acid in the retina. In the 1970s, it was thought to be involved in retinal diseases with photoreceptor degeneration, because cats on a taurine-free diet presented photoreceptor loss. However, with the exception of its introduction into baby milk and parenteral nutrition, taurine has not yet been incorporated into any(More)
Several strategies have been proposed to restore useful vision following photoreceptor degeneration. However, a very few studies have investigated late anatomical changes and functional state of residual retinal neurons after complete photoreceptor loss. We investigated the progressive degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in P23H rats. The RGC(More)
We present a simple method to record highly reproduciblebinocular electroretinograms in dogs. Rod and cone electroretinograms were elicited in 60 Beagle dogs, with the use of two adjustable photostimulators, one directed at each eye, and maintained in position with the use of a special device. Data analysis revealed no significant differences in amplitudes(More)
The i-wave, a post b-wave component of the human photopic electroretinogram (ERG), is claimed to originate at the level of the retinal ganglion cells (RGC) or more distally. We investigated whether this wave is a feature common to all species. Photopic ERGs were obtained from the following species: Beagle dog, European cat, New Zealand white rabbit,(More)
BACKGROUND In the eye, melatonin plays a role in promoting light sensitivity at night and modulating many aspects of circadian retinal physiology. It is also an inhibitor of retinal dopamine, which is a promoter of day vision through the cone system. Consequently, it is possible that oral melatonin (an inhibitor of retinal dopamine) taken to alleviate(More)
Altricial rodents such as rats and mice are probably the most widely used animal model in the electroretinogram (ERG) literature. However, while the scotopic responses of these rodents share obvious similarities with that of humans, their photopic electroretinograms are strikingly different. For instance, the photopic ERGs of rats and mice include, when(More)
PURPOSE The authors recently used topical endoscopy to image the mouse eye fundus. Here, they widened the field of application for this ophthalmologic tool, imaging both the posterior and the anterior eye segments in larger animals commonly encountered in research laboratories and veterinary clinics. METHODS Pupils were dilated, and local anesthetic and(More)
The micropig is viewed by many as one of the best animal models of human system physiology. The purpose of this study was to develop a simple, rapid and reliable method to record clinical electroretinograms from conscious adult Yucatan micropigs. Photopic ERGs were recorded from 18 conscious animals following a 3-h period of preadaptation to a moderate(More)
Melatonin follows a circadian rhythm entrained by the light/dark cycle and plays a role in promoting light sensitivity at night. It has been suggested that melatonin and dopamine reciprocal inhibition may contribute to the switch between day and night vision. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of a high dose of melatonin administration(More)
Visual electrophysiological techniques, such as electroretinography (ERG) and visual evoked potentials (VEP) can provide useful information on the safety, efficacy, and proper dosing of chemical entities under development as new drug therapies. During post-marketing safety surveillance, a variety of visual electrophysiological measures can be used to(More)