Serge Desgreniers

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Of the simple diatomic molecules, oxygen is the only one to carry a magnetic moment. This makes solid oxygen particularly interesting: it is considered a 'spin-controlled' crystal that displays unusual magnetic order. At very high pressures, solid oxygen changes from an insulating to a metallic state; at very low temperatures, it even transforms to a(More)
The structural stability of type-I K8Si46 clathrate has been investigated at high pressure by synchrotron x-ray diffraction. In contrast to that observed in the Na-doped structure-II analogue [A. San-Miguel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5290 (1999)]], no phase separation into the beta-Sn Si structure was identified at 11 GPa. Instead, K8Si46 is found to undergo a(More)
Angle dispersive x-ray diffraction measurements of oxygen single crystals in a helium pressure transmitting medium have been performed up to 133 GPa at room temperature. The crystalline structure of metallic zeta oxygen, above 96 GPa, is shown to be associated with a continuous displacive structural transformation taking place in the ab plane of the(More)
The bisdithiazolyl radical 1a is dimorphic, existing in two distinct molecular and crystal modifications. The α-phase crystallizes in the tetragonal space group P4̅2(1)m and consists of π-stacked radicals, tightly clustered about 4̅ points and running parallel to c. The β-phase belongs to the monoclinic space group P2(1)/c and, at ambient temperature and(More)
Experimental evidences are presented showing unusually large and highly anisotropic vibrations in the "simple cubic" (SC) unit cell adopted by calcium over a broad pressure ranging from 30-90 GPa and at temperature as low as 40 K. X-ray diffraction patterns show a preferential broadening of the (110) Bragg reflection indicating that the atomic displacements(More)
The heterocyclic bisdithiazolyl radical 1b (R1 = Me, R2 = F) crystallizes in two phases. The α-phase, space group P2₁/n, contains two radicals in the asymmetric unit, both of which adopt slipped π-stack structures. The β-phase, space group P2₁/c, consists of cross-braced π-stacked arrays of dimers in which the radicals are linked laterally by hypervalent(More)
The distinct X-ray transmission profile obtained by scanning a sample in a diamond anvil cell across a collimated X-ray beam is used to monitor sample displacement brought about by rotation. This measured displacement can in turn be used to calculate, and subsequently correct, the sample position with respect to a centre of rotation. This centring method(More)
The bromo-substituted bisdiselenazolyl radical 4b (R(1) = Et, R(2) = Br) is isostructural with the corresponding chloro-derivative 4a (R(1) = Et, R(2) = Cl), both belonging to the tetragonal space group P(4)2(1)m and consisting of slipped π-stack arrays of undimerized radicals. Variable temperature, ambient pressure conductivity measurements indicate a(More)
Variable pressure and temperature conductivity measurements on the bisthiaselenazolyl radical dimer [1a](2) have established the presence of a weakly metallic state over the pressure range 5-9 GPa. To explore the origin of this metallization we have examined the crystal and molecular structure of [1a](2) as a function of pressure. At ambient pressure the(More)