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Of the simple diatomic molecules, oxygen is the only one to carry a magnetic moment. This makes solid oxygen particularly interesting: it is considered a 'spin-controlled' crystal that displays unusual magnetic order. At very high pressures, solid oxygen changes from an insulating to a metallic state; at very low temperatures, it even transforms to a(More)
Angle dispersive x-ray diffraction measurements of oxygen single crystals in a helium pressure transmitting medium have been performed up to 133 GPa at room temperature. The crystalline structure of metallic zeta oxygen, above 96 GPa, is shown to be associated with a continuous displacive structural transformation taking place in the ab plane of the(More)
The structural stability of type-I K8Si46 clathrate has been investigated at high pressure by synchrotron x-ray diffraction. In contrast to that observed in the Na-doped structure-II analogue [A. San-Miguel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5290 (1999)]], no phase separation into the beta-Sn Si structure was identified at 11 GPa. Instead, K8Si46 is found to undergo a(More)
The distinct X-ray transmission profile obtained by scanning a sample in a diamond anvil cell across a collimated X-ray beam is used to monitor sample displacement brought about by rotation. This measured displacement can in turn be used to calculate, and subsequently correct, the sample position with respect to a centre of rotation. This centring method(More)
The bromo-substituted bisdiselenazolyl radical 4b (R(1) = Et, R(2) = Br) is isostructural with the corresponding chloro-derivative 4a (R(1) = Et, R(2) = Cl), both belonging to the tetragonal space group P(4)2(1)m and consisting of slipped π-stack arrays of undimerized radicals. Variable temperature, ambient pressure conductivity measurements indicate a(More)
Pressure-induced changes in the solid-state structures and transport properties of three oxobenzene-bridged bisdithiazolyl radicals 2 (R = H, F, Ph) over the range 0-15 GPa are described. All three materials experience compression of their π-stacked architecture, be it (i) 1D ABABAB π-stack (R = Ph), (ii) quasi-1D slipped π-stack (R = H), or (iii) 2D(More)
Experimental evidences are presented showing unusually large and highly anisotropic vibrations in the "simple cubic" (SC) unit cell adopted by calcium over a broad pressure ranging from 30-90 GPa and at temperature as low as 40 K. X-ray diffraction patterns show a preferential broadening of the (110) Bragg reflection indicating that the atomic displacements(More)
Cyanuric triazide (CTA), a nitrogen-rich energetic material, was compressed in a diamond anvil cell up to 63.2 GPa. Samples were characterized by x-ray diffraction, Raman, and infrared spectroscopy. A phase transition occurring between 29.8 and 30.7 GPa was found by all three techniques. The bulk modulus and its pressure derivative of the low pressure phase(More)
In the solid state the iodo-substituted bisdiselenazolyl radical 1c orders as a ferromagnet with TC = 10.5 K. With the application of pressure TC rises rapidly, reaching a value of 27.5 K at 2.4 GPa. The accompanying structural and magnetic changes have been examined by high resolution powder X-ray diffraction and by DFT calculations of magnetic exchange(More)