Serge A van de Pavert

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Loss of Crumbs homologue 1 (CRB1) function causes either the eye disease Leber congenital amaurosis or progressive retinitis pigmentosa, depending on the amount of residual CRB1 activity and the genetic background. Crb1 localizes specifically to the sub-apical region adjacent to the adherens junction complex at the outer limiting membrane in the retina. We(More)
BACKGROUND Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a novel method of retinal in vivo imaging. In this study, we assessed the potential of OCT to yield histology-analogue sections in mouse models of retinal degeneration. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We achieved to adapt a commercial 3(rd) generation OCT system to obtain and quantify high-resolution(More)
Membrane-associated guanylate kinase (MAGUK) proteins function as scaffold proteins contributing to cell polarity and organizing signal transducers at the neuronal synapse membrane. The MAGUK protein Mpp4 is located in the retinal outer plexiform layer (OPL) at the presynaptic plasma membrane and presynaptic vesicles of photoreceptors. Additionally, it is(More)
The lymphatic vasculature drains lymph fluid from the tissue spaces of most organs and returns it to the blood vasculature for recirculation. Before reaching the circulatory system, antigens and pathogens transported by the lymph are trapped by the lymph nodes. As proposed by Florence Sabin more than a century ago and recently validated, the mammalian(More)
The impact of nutritional status during fetal life on the overall health of adults has been recognized; however, dietary effects on the developing immune system are largely unknown. Development of secondary lymphoid organs occurs during embryogenesis and is considered to be developmentally programmed. Secondary lymphoid organ formation depends on a subset(More)
Mutations in the human Crumbs homologue-1 (CRB1) gene cause retinal blinding diseases, such as Leber congenital amaurosis and retinitis pigmentosa. In the previous studies we have shown that Crb1 resides in retinal Müller glia cells and that loss of Crb1 results in retinal degeneration (particularly in the inferior temporal quadrant of the mouse eye).(More)
Mice deficient in the nuclear hormone receptor RORγt have defective development of thymocytes, lymphoid organs, Th17 cells, and type 3 innate lymphoid cells. RORγt binds to oxysterols derived from cholesterol catabolism, but it is not clear whether these are its natural ligands. Here, we show that sterol lipids are necessary and sufficient to drive(More)
Several retinal dystrophies, including retinitis pigmentosa type 12 and Leber congenital amaurosis, are caused by a large variety of mutations in the CRB1 (Crumbs homologue 1) gene. This discovery led to an increased focus on the function of CRB1 and the Drosophila homologue Crumbs. In the present study, we review the current knowledge on Crumbs and its(More)
Group 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3) represent a heterogeneous population of cells that share the nuclear hormone receptor RORγt (retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor γt) as a master regulator for differentiation and function. ILC3 can be divided into two major subsets based on the cell surface expression of the natural cytotoxicity receptor(More)
The aim of this study was to locate a possible activin/activin receptor system within porcine ovaries containing functional corpora lutea. In situ hybridization was used to assess the gene expression of beta(A)- and beta(B)-activin subunits, and immunohistochemical studies were done to detect activin-A protein and activin receptor type II. mRNA expression(More)