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By using an unsupervised cluster analyzer, we have identified a local structural alphabet composed of 16 folding patterns of five consecutive C(alpha) ("protein blocks"). The dependence that exists between successive blocks is explicitly taken into account. A Bayesian approach based on the relation protein block-amino acid propensity is used for prediction(More)
Three-dimensional protein structures can be described with a library of 3D fragments that define a structural alphabet. We have previously proposed such an alphabet, composed of 16 patterns of five consecutive amino acids, called Protein Blocks (PBs). These PBs have been used to describe protein backbones and to predict local structures from protein(More)
The hidden Markov model (HMM) was used to identify recurrent short 3D structural building blocks (SBBs) describing protein backbones, independently of any a priori knowledge. Polypeptide chains are decomposed into a series of short segments defined by their inter-alpha-carbon distances. Basically, the model takes into account the sequentiality of the(More)
Knowledge of the disulfide bonding state of the cysteines of proteins is of major interest in designing numerous molecular biology experiments, or in predicting their three-dimensional structure. Previous methods using the information gained from aligned sets of sequences have reached up to 82% of success in predicting the oxidation state of cysteines. In(More)
BACKGROUND Microarray technologies produced large amount of data. The hierarchical clustering is commonly used to identify clusters of co-expressed genes. However, microarray datasets often contain missing values (MVs) representing a major drawback for the use of the clustering methods. Usually the MVs are not treated, or replaced by zero or estimated by(More)
Two efficient algorithms have been developed which allow amino acid side chain conformations to be optimized rapidly for a given peptide backbone conformation. Both these approaches are based on the assumption that each side chain can be represented by a small number of rotameric states. These states have been obtained by a dynamic cluster analysis of a(More)
The Rvachev-Baroyan-Longini model is a space-time predictive model of the spread of influenza epidemics. It has been applied to 128 cities of the USSR, and more recently, to forecasting the spread of the pandemic of 1968-1969 throughout 52 large cities. It is a deterministic, mass-action, space and time continuous model. The model has been applied to the(More)
MOTIVATION The object of this study is to propose a new method to identify small compact units that compose protein three-dimensional structures. These fragments, called 'protein units (PU)', are a new level of description to well understand and analyze the organization of protein structures. The method only works from the contact probability matrix, i.e.(More)
UNLABELLED PredAcc is a tool for predicting the solvent accessibility of protein residues from the sequence at different relative accessibility levels (0-55%). The prediction rate varies between 70. 7% (for 25% relative accessibility) and 85.7% (for 0% relative accessibility). Amino acids are predicted in four categories: almost certainly hidden and almost(More)