Serena Zaltron

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OBJECTIVES To assess incidence, risk factors, histology, and outcome of severe hepatotoxicity (SH) during antiretroviral treatment (ART). METHODS Seven hundred fifty-five HIV-seropositive patients consecutively prescribed new ART were selected. Liver function tests were assessed at baseline, after 1 month, and every 4 months thereafter. Liver biopsy was(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To evaluate demographic characteristics, liver histology and virological features of hepatitis C virus (HCV) carriers with normal alanine transaminase (ALT) levels. METHODS A nationwide prospective study was started in 1997. Four Italian centres have participated in this study. RESULTS Eight hundred and eighty subjects entered the study.(More)
BACKGROUND Fifty per cent of patients with chronic hepatitis C, show detectable cryoglobulinaemia, even though most of them do not show cryoglobulinaemia related symptoms. Peripheral neuropathy is present in most of the patients with symptomatic cryoglobulinaemia, where it may be the first clinical manifestation. The prevalence of peripheral neuropathy in(More)
We undertook this study to assess the association between the various potential causes of liver disease in HIV-seropositive patients and mortality due to liver failure. Three hundred and eight in-hospital deaths were observed from 1987 to December 1995 in a prospectively followed cohort of 1894 HIV-seropositive patients. For each study subject, clinical(More)
In order to assess the relationship between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) RNA, hepatitis C virus (HCV) RNA, CD4, CD8, and liver enzymes during combination antiretroviral therapy, these parameters were measured in 12 HIV-HCV-coinfected patients (who were naive for antiretrovirals) on the day before and 3, 7, 14, 28, 56, and 84 days after initiating the(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV), first recognized as a cause of transfusion-associated acute and chronic hepatitis in 1989, plays a major role as a cause of chronic liver injury, with potential for neoplastic degeneration. It is mainly transmitted by the parenteral route. However, although with lower efficiency, it may be also transmitted by sexual intercourses and(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Twenty-four weeks of treatment with peginterferon and ribavirin for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2 or 3 infection produces a sustained virologic response (SVR) in 70%-80% of patients. We performed a randomized, double-blind, phase 2b study to assess whether adding daclatasvir, a nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) inhibitor that is(More)
A total of 204 patients with liver biopsy-proven hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, 84 with and 120 without human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection, were studied, to evaluate variables possibly associated with the stage of liver fibrosis. All patients were injection drugs users, with a mean age of 32 years and an estimated duration of HCV infection(More)
BACKGROUND Portal lymphadenopathy is frequently found in inflammatory liver diseases. However, the mechanisms underlying portal lymphadenopathy are unknown. AIMS To evaluate the prevalence of portal lymphadenopathy in patients with serum anti-hepatitis C Virus antibody reactivity and its relationship to clinical parameters. PATIENTS AND METHODS The(More)
Tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) is a nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor widely used to treat patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. Despite the excellent safety records of this regimen, a few cases of acute renal failure and Fanconi syndrome have been reported among HIV patients exposed to TDF. In(More)