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BACKGROUND Femoral hernias in young children are relatively rare and can be difficult to diagnose as they are often mistaken for inguinal hernias. Although a few reports have described laparoscopic techniques, most traditional repair methods still focus on an open approach using either an inguinal or crural incision. Here we describe a laparoscopic-assisted(More)
Primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder associated with ciliary defects and situs inversus totalis, the complete mirror image reversal of internal organ situs (positioning). A variable incidence of heterotaxy, or irregular organ situs, also has been reported in PCD patients, but it is not known whether this is elicited by(More)
The effects of Ca(2+)-modifying agents on the disruption of gastric isolated mucosal cells from the rabbit have been examined. Fundic mucosal cells were isolated and enriched by centrifugal elutriation, with cellular viability and disruption being assessed by trypan blue dye exclusion and by the release of lysosomal enzymes. The Ca2+ ionophore A23187(More)
Plasma aldosterone, deoxycorticosterone (DOC), 18-hydroxy-deoxycorticosterone (18OH-DOC), and corticosterone were measured in Dahl salt-sensitive (S) and salt-resistant (R) rats. Plasma corticosterone and DOC were not different between strains but plasma aldosterone was decreased and plasma 18OH-DOC increased in S compared to R. Plasma renin activity and(More)
Hyporeninemic hypoaldosteronism was diagnosed in a young woman with glomerulonephritis who was receiving indomethacin therapy. Despite only mildly abnormal renal function, serum K+ was elevated to 6.2 meq/L, and plasma renin activity (0.12 ng/mL h) and aldosterone (4.4 ng/dL) failed to respond to the combined stimuli of furosemide and posture. Urinary(More)
To study the effect of kallikrein on renal renin release, we superfused rat renal cortical slices with 3.5 to 140 milliesterase units (mEU)/ml of purified rat urinary kallikrein. Kallikrein was a potent stimulus of renin release. Renin rose in a dose-dependent fashion from 70 mEU/ml to 140 mEU/ml. The response to 140 mEU/ml was greater than that seen with(More)
The role of prostaglandins in the control of renin release in vivo was evaluated in the conscious rat. Indomethacin suppressed urinary prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) excretion from 5.3 +/- 0.5 to 2.6 +/- 0.5 ng/3 h (P less than 0.001). Basal plasma renin activity (PRA) fell from 6.20 +/- 1.07 to 2.98 +/- 0.45 ng . ml-1 . h-1 (P less than 0.02). Indomethacin(More)
In 12 human volunteers, indomethacin was shown to inhibit renal prostaglandin produciton as reflected by RIA of urinary PGE2. The increases in plasma renin activity and plasma and urinary aldosterone following acute furosemide challenge were markedly blunted in the presence of indomethacin. In light of recent development indicating an intimate relationship(More)
Kallikrein is present in the renal tubule near the macula densa, and it has recently been shown to activate inactive renin in human plasma. We recently showed that kallikrein was a potent stimulus of renin release and increased renin secretion in a dose-dependent fashion. To study its effect on renal renin release, we superfused rat renal cortical slices(More)