Serena M. Best

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Hydroxyapatite has been considered for use in the repair of osseous defects for the last 20 years. Recent developments have led to interest in the potential of porous hydroxyapatite as a synthetic bone graft. However, despite considerable activity in this field, regarding assessment of the biological response to such materials, the basic materials(More)
Magnetron co-sputtering has been employed to fabricate thin nanocrystalline coatings of silicon-substituted hydroxyapatite (SiHA) of different Si compositions: 0.8 wt%, 2.2 wt%, and 4.9 wt%. A human osteoblast-like (HOB) cell model was used to study the long-term interaction between the HOB cells and coatings in vitro. Results showed that the number of(More)
Powder mixtures of alpha-Ca(3)(PO(4))(2), Ca(H(2)PO(4))(2), and CaCO(3) were investigated to assess their potential for the precipitation of a carbonated apatite suitable for cement applications from a supersaturated solution. Of particular interest was the requirement of carbon dioxide release during the setting reaction to obtain Ca(9-x)(HPO(4))(1-1.5x)(More)
Carbonate substitution in the apatite crystal lattice can occur in either the hydroxyl or the phosphate sites, designated as A or B type, respectively, and previous investigations generally have described precipitated carbonate hydroxyapatite as being B type on the basis of infra red and X-ray data. This paper documents the effects of two precipitation(More)
The relationship between biological scaffold interconnectivity and cell migration is an important but poorly understood factor in tissue regeneration. Here a scale-independent technique for characterization of collagen scaffold interconnectivity is presented, using a combination of X-ray microcomputed tomography and percolation theory. Confocal microscopy(More)
Biopolymer scaffolds have great therapeutic potential within tissue engineering due to their large interconnected porosity and biocompatibility. Using an ice-templated technique, where collagen is concentrated into a porous network by ice nucleation and growth, scaffolds with anisotropic pore architecture can be created, mimicking natural tissues like(More)
Bioceramic specimens have been prepared by incorporating a small amount of silicon (0.4 wt %) into the structure of hydroxyapatite [Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, HA] via an aqueous precipitation reaction to produce a silicon-substituted hydroxyapatite (Si-HA). The results of chemical analysis confirmed the proposed substitution of the silicon (or silicate) ion for the(More)
Nano-sized, rod-like hydroxyapatite (nHA) crystals were produced and shown to be phasepure by X-ray diffraction analysis, as no secondary phases were observed. The nHA suspension was electrosprayed onto glass substrates using a novel processing routine to maintain nanocrystals of hydroxyapatite. The biocompatibility of nHAwas determined using human(More)
Phase pure hydroxyapatite (HA) and a 0.8 wt % silicon substituted hydroxyapatite (SiHA) were prepared by aqueous precipitation methods. Both HA and SiHA were processed into granules 0.5-1.0 mm in diameter and sintered at 1200 degrees C for 2 h. The sintered granules underwent full structural characterization, prior to implantation into the femoral condyle(More)
Calcium phosphate cements have been the subject of many studies in the last decade because of their biocompatibility, their capacity to fill bone cavities and their hardening properties; properties which are desirable in a broad range of surgical applications. The setting and hardening of these materials are controlled by dissolution-precipitation chemical(More)