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We identified a key oncogenic pathway underlying neuroblastoma progression: specifically, MYCN, expressed at elevated level, transactivates the miRNA 17-5p-92 cluster, which inhibits p21 and BIM translation by interaction with their mRNA 3' UTRs. Overexpression of miRNA 17-5p-92 cluster in MYCN-not-amplified neuroblastoma cells strongly augments their in(More)
Natural immunity against obligate and/or facultative intracellular pathogens is usually mediated by both humoral and cellular immunity. The identification of those antigens stimulating both arms of the immune system is instrumental for vaccine discovery. Although high-throughput technologies have been applied for the discovery of antibody-inducing antigens,(More)
We have previously shown that in the human pathogen Neisseria meningitidis group B (MenB) more than 200 genes are regulated in response to growth with iron. Among the Fur-dependent, upregulated genes identified by microarray analysis was a putative operon constituted by three genes, annotated as NMB1436, NMB1437 and NMB1438 and encoding proteins with so far(More)
BACKGROUND The human hemoglobin switch (HbF-->HbA) takes place in the peri/post-natal period. In adult life, however, the residual HbF (<1%) may be partially reactivated by chemical inducers and/or cytokines such as the kit ligand (KL). MicroRNAs (miRs) play a pivotal role in normal hematopoiesis: downmodulation of miR-221/222 stimulates human(More)
While it is generally accepted that anaerobic metabolism is required during infection, supporting experimental data have only been described in a limited number of studies. To provide additional evidence on the role of anaerobic metabolism in bacterial pathogens while invading mammalian hosts, we analysed the effect of the inactivation of FNR, the major(More)
Despite several decades of intensive studies, no vaccines against Chlamydia trachomatis, an intracellular pathogen causing serious ocular and urogenital diseases, are available yet. Infection-induced immunity in both animal models and humans strongly supports the notion that for a vaccine to be effective a strong CD4(+) Th1 immune response should be(More)
Current theories suggest that mitotic checkpoint proteins are essential for proper cellular response to taxanes, a widely used family of chemotherapeutic compounds. We recently showed that absence or depletion of protein Daxx increases cellular taxol (paclitaxel) resistance-a common trait of patients diagnosed with several malignancies, including breast(More)
The intracellular translocation of Daxx to the cytoplasm is a phenomenon often attributed to cells undergoing stress, opposite to predominant nuclear localization of this protein under normal homeostatic conditions. Moreover, a number of reports have suggested that export to the cytosol upon several stress conditions, including oxidative stress, glucose(More)
Microtubule-poisoning drugs, such as Paclitaxel (or Taxol, PTX), are powerful and commonly used anti-neoplastic agents for the treatment of several malignancies. PTX triggers cell death, mainly through a mitotic arrest following the activation of the spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC). Cells treated with PTX slowly slip from this mitotic block and die by(More)
DAXX is a scaffold protein with diverse roles including transcription and cell cycle regulation. Using NMR spectroscopy, we demonstrate that the C-terminal half of DAXX is intrinsically disordered, whereas a folded domain is present near its N terminus. This domain forms a left-handed four-helix bundle (H1, H2, H4, H5). However, due to a crossover helix(More)